Tea Party


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Tea Party,

in the early 21st cent., U.S. political movement that arose in reaction to the economic crisis of 2008 and the government rescue and aid measures for the financial, automobile, and other industries as well as broader stimulus measures enacted in 2008 and 2009. Strongly conservative ideologically, the movement and its members generally opposed the significant deficits incurred by the government in an effort to counteract the recession and avoid a potential depression and, more broadly, objected to increased government control and spending, taxation, and illegal immigration while favoring free-market economics, national debt reduction, states' rights, and a narrow reading of the Constitution. The Tea Party also has strongly opposed the ObamaObama, Barack
(Barack Hussein Obama 2d), , 1961–, 44th president of the United States (2009–17), b. Honolulu, grad. Columbia (B.A. 1983), Harvard Law School (J.D. 1991).
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 administration's health-care insurance overhaul, and has at times had a stridently anti-Obama tone. Usually characterized as a grassroots populist movement, the Tea Party is also supported and financed by a number of influential and well-funded right-wing organizations and has benefited from significant media support from conservative news organizations and commentators, particularly Rupert MurdochMurdoch, Rupert
(Keith Rupert Murdoch), 1931–, Australian-American publishing magnate. Combining sensationalist journalism (often reflective of his generally hawkish, strongly conservative political views) with aggressive promotion, Murdoch established a worldwide
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's Fox News. The movement's adopted name harks back to the 1773 Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party,
1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially
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.

Tea Party rallies were held across the country beginning in early 2009. They have since featured a number of prominent speakers, among them Sarah PalinPalin, Sarah Heath
, 1964–, U.S. politician, b. Sandpoint, Idaho, as Sarah Louise Heath, grad. Univ. of Idaho (B.S. 1987). Her family moved to Alaska not long after she was born.
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, perhaps the most popular Republican aligned with the Tea Party; she also gave the keynote address at the first National Tea Party Convention (Feb., 2010). Despite the convention, the Tea Party is not a monolithic or centralized organization but an amalgamation of a number of national and local groups. In 2012 it was estimated that there were some 1,000 different Tea Party groups spread over the 50 states. Although not an organized party, it has become an important and influential faction of the Republican party, and most Americans who have identified themselves in polls as adherents of the Tea Party have also identified themselves as Republicans. In several primary elections, the Tea Party was credited with toppling a number of prominent traditional Republican candidates in favor of Republicans that it supported; those candidates' successes were more mixed in the 2010 general election, but a third of the Republican House members elected in 2010 were aligned with the movement.

Bibliography

See D. Armey and M. Kibbe, Give Us Liberty: A Tea Party Manifesto (2010); J. Lepore, The Whites of Their Eyes (2010); J. M. O'Hara, A New American Tea Party (2010); K. Zernike, Boiling Mad (2010); E. P. Foley, The Tea Party: Three Principles (2012); R. P. Formisano, The Tea Party (2012); M. Meckler and J. B. Martin, Tea Party Patriots (2012); T. Skoepol and V. Williamson, The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism (2012); C. S. Parker and M. A. Barreto, Change They Can't Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America (2013).

References in periodicals archive ?
Although often described in the media as largely secular and libertarian, Tea Party supporters, according to this poll, share the Religious Right's views on social issues.
Palin and the Tea Party have one political ambition - making Obama a one-term President.
While the political values the group touts are not new, Steinhauser traces the Tea Party movement back to fall 2008, when people ''took to the streets'' in opposition to economic measures that former Republican President George W.
Rasmussen and ABC opinion polls reveal that the American people have a more favorable view of the Tea Party than they do of the Republican Party.
By hosting your own tea party you will be helping The Blue Cross to continue its vital work caring for thousands of needy animals at its re-homing centres and animal hospitals across the country.
Blue Cross Tea Party invites and fund-raising ideas are available from the charity's website.
Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, will hold a major tea party rally in Austin, Texas.
Steve Toth of The Woodlands, who have little to distinguish them politically, is likely to hinge on two factors: turnout and Tea Party loyalties.
OPEN TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC Procession from Old South Meeting House to the Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum - Milk Street to Congress Street to Pearl Street Led by fife and drums, the public is invited to march with the reenactors from Old South Meeting House to Boston's historic waterfront where Griffin's Wharf once stood along the same route the Sons of Liberty took to Boston Harbor to destroy the tea in 1773!
Hosting a Blooming Great Tea Party is a fantastic way to raise money for Marie Curie too, helping us care for more people living with a terminal illness.
The group will be hosting a tea party later in the year but they are hopeful that the community will show their support by throwing their own parties.
But on the national stage, Cruz faces competition from other hopefuls with tea party bona fides: Scott Walker, Ben Carson and Rand Paul.