Tea Party


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Tea Party,

in the early 21st cent., U.S. political movement that arose in reaction to the economic crisis of 2008 and the government rescue and aid measures for the financial, automobile, and other industries as well as broader stimulus measures enacted in 2008 and 2009. Strongly conservative ideologically, the movement and its members generally opposed the significant deficits incurred by the government in an effort to counteract the recession and avoid a potential depression and, more broadly, objected to increased government control and spending, taxation, and illegal immigration while favoring free-market economics, national debt reduction, states' rights, and a narrow reading of the Constitution. The Tea Party also has strongly opposed the ObamaObama, Barack
(Barack Hussein Obama 2d), , 1961–, 44th president of the United States (2009–17), b. Honolulu, grad. Columbia (B.A. 1983), Harvard Law School (J.D. 1991).
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 administration's health-care insurance overhaul, and has at times had a stridently anti-Obama tone. Usually characterized as a grassroots populist movement, the Tea Party is also supported and financed by a number of influential and well-funded right-wing organizations and has benefited from significant media support from conservative news organizations and commentators, particularly Rupert MurdochMurdoch, Rupert
(Keith Rupert Murdoch), 1931–, Australian-American publishing magnate. Combining sensationalist journalism (often reflective of his generally hawkish, strongly conservative political views) with aggressive promotion, Murdoch established a worldwide
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's Fox News. The movement's adopted name harks back to the 1773 Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party,
1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially
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.

Tea Party rallies were held across the country beginning in early 2009. They have since featured a number of prominent speakers, among them Sarah PalinPalin, Sarah Heath
, 1964–, U.S. politician, b. Sandpoint, Idaho, as Sarah Louise Heath, grad. Univ. of Idaho (B.S. 1987). Her family moved to Alaska not long after she was born.
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, perhaps the most popular Republican aligned with the Tea Party; she also gave the keynote address at the first National Tea Party Convention (Feb., 2010). Despite the convention, the Tea Party is not a monolithic or centralized organization but an amalgamation of a number of national and local groups. In 2012 it was estimated that there were some 1,000 different Tea Party groups spread over the 50 states. Although not an organized party, it has become an important and influential faction of the Republican party, and most Americans who have identified themselves in polls as adherents of the Tea Party have also identified themselves as Republicans. In several primary elections, the Tea Party was credited with toppling a number of prominent traditional Republican candidates in favor of Republicans that it supported; those candidates' successes were more mixed in the 2010 general election, but a third of the Republican House members elected in 2010 were aligned with the movement.

Bibliography

See D. Armey and M. Kibbe, Give Us Liberty: A Tea Party Manifesto (2010); J. Lepore, The Whites of Their Eyes (2010); J. M. O'Hara, A New American Tea Party (2010); K. Zernike, Boiling Mad (2010); E. P. Foley, The Tea Party: Three Principles (2012); R. P. Formisano, The Tea Party (2012); M. Meckler and J. B. Martin, Tea Party Patriots (2012); T. Skoepol and V. Williamson, The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism (2012); C. S. Parker and M. A. Barreto, Change They Can't Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America (2013).

References in periodicals archive ?
I feel that having a Blooming Great Tea Party each year, and helping to raise funds, may enable someone else to benefit from the care and support that Marie Curie Nurses provide.
The Blooming Great Tea Party is Marie Curie's summer fundraiser and encourages everyone to get together and hold a tea party, bake sale or special tea break in aid of the charity.
Free marketers at the Cato Institute and elsewhere in the Beltway tried to convince the mainstream media that the Tea Party was only a movement about "economic liberty.
The tea party movement emerged during the first year of President Barack Obama's term to protest the Obama administration's response to the 2008 financial crisis, which included bailouts for major banks and the auto industry, as well as financial aid for homeowners who had filed for bankruptcy or faced foreclosure.
Drivers are required for a few hours, once a month, to drive one or two older people to and from the tea party and to enjoy a cuppa themselves.
It's easy to support Marie Curie with a Blooming Great Tea Party and it really is up to you how you decide to join in.
And, when you are having your vintage tea party experience, just remind yourself that you are actually still in Cyprus.
The Tea Party is not easy to define, as the term "Tea Party" has been used unevenly and has been applied irregularly by the political media.
Although the Tea Party has not been as visible in this year's midterm elections as it was in 2010, Tea Party Republicans have given more thought to this year's elections and are much more motivated to vote than are non-Tea Party Republicans or other Americans.
The Tea Party does not advocate the IRS or NSA spying on citizens whose philosophy differs from the present government.
Marie Curie Cancer Care is asking people from the North East to hold a Blooming Great Tea Party this June to help raise funds for the charity.
Holding a tea party is the perfect way to do just that, having fun while also raising money for Marie Curie Cancer Care.