technological determinism


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technological determinism

the assumption that technology is both autonomous and has determinate effects on society. Technology is seen as political and as an INDEPENDENT VARIABLE in social change. This assumption is criticized for ignoring the social processes and choices which guide the use of technology and the variety of possible social arrangements which coexist with different types of technology. Marx s famous phrase – ‘the handmill gives you society with the feudal lord; the steam-mill, society with the industrial capitalist’ – is sometimes used (mistakenly) as an example of technological determinism. MARX, however, saw technology as intimately related to the social relations of production (compare HISTORICAL MATERIALISM). Technological determinism is associated with neoevolutionary theories which give technology primacy in the analysis of social change (see NEOEVOLUTIONISM, POSTINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY, CONVERGENCE), and empirical studies in the SOCIOLOGY OF WORK which describe the ‘effects’ of technology. see also CULTURAL LAG.
References in periodicals archive ?
An adequate literature review might have led to "Karl Marx and the Three Faces of Technological Determinism," Bruce Bimber's 1990 paper on the disambiguation of the term, and then to "Do Machines Make History?," Robert Heilbroner's 1967 discussion of society evolving along a predetermined course of technological discoveries.
Technological determinism theory is a reductionist perspective which holds that technology drives the growth of cultural values and social structure in the society.
Scholars have argued that philosophy of technology assumptions, especially technological determinism, may influence the thinking or discourse of educators concerning technology (Bennett & Maton, 2010; Cukier, Ngwenyama, Bauer, & Middleton, 2009; Fisher, 2006; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Jones & Healing, 2010; Kanuka, 2008; Kritt & Winegar, 2010; Leonardi, 2008; Oliver, 2011; Selwyn, 2010; Strobel & Tillberg-Webb, 2009), and affect policy (Clegg, Hudson, & Steel, 2003; Cukier et al., 2009; Fisher, 2006; Wyatt, 2008).
Finally, to what degree can the study questions be clarified by applying four theories of information technology (IT) and social change to the findings--(1) systems theory, (2) socio- technical theory, (3) technological determinism, and (4) reinforcement theory (Garson, 2006)?
Rejecting the technological determinism that drove Air Force leaders to promote aerospace terminology and to seek Dyna-Soar, the president wanted nothing more than sufficient military strategic capability to deter a Soviet attack.
The article helps our understanding, as the authors refuse any form of technological determinism. Their phrase "technologies--the cloud, big data, algorithms, and platforms--will not dictate our future.
Still, his theory stands up much better than realist theory, technological determinism, or strategic culture.
Rogers is at pains early in the book to explain that she is wary of the trap of technological determinism, stating that not all spectators will necessarily respond in the manner she suggests to each new configuration of the cinematic apparatus.
"Technological determinism" is the belief that technology drives historical change.
Barlow's vision thus embodied both Internet exceptionalism and technological determinism. Internet exceptionalism is the notion that the Net is a special medium that shouldn't be treated like earlier media and communications platforms, such as broadcasting or telephony.
By placing the nicotine patches on Plexiglas panels reminiscent of Marcel Duchamp's Large Glass, Mul both reminds us that artists have dealt with technological determinism for a long time and offers an updated way of addressing this sticky problem in the present situation.
Although critiquing forms of technological determinism, Swaminathan suggests that as this globalization of the technoscape evolves, the processes of international politics have been transformed dramatically.

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