teff


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teff,

annual plant, Eragrostis tef, of the grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family (Poaceoe), whose seeds are a staple grain in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is a gluten-free cereal grain, high in iron, protein, calcium, vitamin C, and dietary fiber. One of the earliest cultivated plants, teff was first domesticated in Ethiopia more than 3,000 years ago; it is now also grown in India, Australia, and the United States. It has a mild, nutty flavor and can be black, brown, red, or ivory. Ground into flour, teff is traditionally used in a flatbread called injera. Teff is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

Teff

 

(Eragrostis Teff), an annual plant species of the family Gramineae. Teff has a powerful fibrous root system and leafy shoots. The culm, which is 60–160 cm tall, is slender, solid, and smooth. The inflorescence is a many-spiked panicle measuring 15–35 cm long. The fruit is an ovate caryopsis.

Teff is known only in cultivation. It has long been raised as a cereal crop in mountainous regions of Africa and as a feed crop in India, Australia, the South African Republic, the USA, and the USSR. (There are experimental plantings in the Ukraine and the Northern Caucasus.) Teff is thermophile and drought resistant; the seeds sprout at 10°–12°C. Cultivation is most successful on sandy loams. Teff grows very rapidly; it grows well after mowing and yields two or three crops. It is cut for hay when the panicles first appear, and for green feed somewhat earlier. Two cuttings yield 140–150 quintals per hectare (ha) green mass, 35–45 quintais per ha hay, and 4–8 quintals per ha seed. One hundred kilograms of hay contain about 42 feed units and about 5 kg digestible protein. Teff is readily eaten by all species of farm animals in uncured form and as hay.

REFERENCES

Kormovye rasteniia senokosov i pastbishch SSSR, vol. 1. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.
Vul’f, E. V., and O. F. Maleeva. Mirovye resursy poleznykh rastenii: Spravochnik. Leningrad, 1969.

N. K. TATARINOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
NOTABLE NUTRIENTS: TEFF (1/4 cup, dry) Calories: 177 Fiber: 4 g (16% DV) Protein: 7 g (13% DV) Thiamin: 0.
The principal use of teff [Eragrostis tef (Zucc) Trotter] is in enjerra production that constitutes the 70% of Ethiopians diet [16].
Paul Runec took top spot in TEFF heat, Connor Metcalf second and Colin Harris third.
One possible factor could be the diet shift from Teff (Eragrostis tef), barley and wheat-based to millet, sorghum and other crops which are known to interfere with the metabolism of iodine and the formation of the thyroid producing hormones [5].
Lockwood hosts individual and team heats of the TEFF Greys National Bank Championships on Saturday April 14.
Ancient and Sacred GrainsNext year, Mintel predicts that some ancient grains -- such as amaranth, quinoa, teff, millet and Kamut -- will move from niche markets to mainstream, appearing in products from leading manufacturers.
abyssinica tuber flour with other cereal flour (maize, teff, and barley or wheat flour).
The TEFF Northern England Qualifier was fished at Kielder with 14 rods out with the top three anglers qualifying for the final to be staged at Bewl in September.
Speaking about the project, Adam Teff, General Manager of Titangen (a division of Titan Energy) commented, Titan Energy, Tecogen and Watertown look forward to bringing the co-generation endeavor at Watertown High School to a positive, successful conclusion.
THE Chatton Chasers - Rob Frame from Newcastle, Jim Tuck from Ashington and Gordon Swain from Dipton - won the TEFF Greys International Bank team heat at Chatton on Sunday, when Swain also took the honours in the individual heat with 19 fish.