Telegraph Transmitter

telegraph transmitter

[′tel·ə‚graf tranz‚mid·ər]
A device that controls an electric power source in order to form telegraph signals.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Telegraph Transmitter


(Russian, telegrafnyi peredatchik), a device designed to generate telegraph signals and transmit the signals to a communications channel. The signals consist of current pulses, combined in such a way as to transmit characters in accordance with a telegraph code. The telegraph transmitter is a fundamental component of modern start-stop printing telegraphs.

A transmitter consists of a keyboard similar to that of a typewriter, an encoder, a distributor, and several auxiliary devices. Pressing down a key on the keyboard transfers the transmitted character to the encoder and the distributor, where the character is converted to a combination of elementary signals of a telegraph code. The signals, the distinguishing feature of which is the presence or absence of current, are then transmitted to a communications channel.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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