Land of sheep and honey -- the southern temperate woodland `We traversed it over two directions meeting with no obstruction except the softness of the soil, and in returning over flowing plains and green hills fanned by the breezes of early spring, I named this region Australia Felix - the pleasant land'.
These birds are declining because, just as temperate woodland birds are suffering from the loss of the nectar-rich eucalypts, so these savanna birds are missing out on their meals of grass seeds.
Temperate woodlands once covered around 80 million hectares of southern Australia.
Strolling through a honey-scented dell carpeted with chocolate lilies and orchids, one is at a loss to understand how we have permitted so much of our temperate woodlands to be destroyed.
Today, about 90 per cent of Australia's temperate woodlands have been eliminated.
Of all Australia's wooded habitats, temperate woodlands are the most depleted and suffer from the greatest range of severe threats.
Meanwhile, the gross clearing and resultant extinctions and salinity problems which occurred in southern temperate woodlands are now far advanced in sub-tropical New South Wales, and extend well into Queensland's tropical woodlands.
In many temperate woodlands
, firewood extraction is a major element in industrial forestry operations, and the effects are catastrophic for wildlife with loss of tree hollows, mature trees and damage to nutrient cycles and invertebrate habitat.