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a European freshwater cyprinid game fish, Tinca tinca, having a thickset dark greenish body with a barbel at each side of the mouth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Tinca tinca), a fish of the family Cyprinidae. The thick, deep body is covered with a thick layer of slime and small scales. The back is dark green, and the eyes olive with a golden hue. Length, approximately 30 cm (sometimes 60 cm); weight, about 500 g (sometimes 7.5 kg). Small barbels are at the corners of the mouth. Tench inhabit the fresh waters of Europe except for the river basins that flow into the Arctic Ocean. They live in the rivers and lakes of the European USSR and in the basins of the Ob’ and Enisei rivers. Slightly mobile bottom fish, they prefer standing and overgrown rivers and lakes. Because these fish can tolerate low oxygen content, they are found in bodies of water that temporarily lack oxygen. Sexual maturity is reached at three or four years of age, when the body measures more than 20 cm long. The fecundity is 300,000 to 400,000 eggs. Spawning occurs intermittently over an extensive period. Tench feed on small invertebrates and, less commonly, on aquatic plants. They are of little commercial importance. Tench are bred artificially to produce a golden variety, similar to the goldfish that is produced by breeding the silver carp.


Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While Tench's neighbourhood is grieving the murder of a black toddler, a white policeman tells one of her parents to "wait a couple of days." This horrific incident was the beginning of what came to be called the Atlanta Child Murders that took place between the late 1970s and the early 1980s.
Tench are fascinating - the species is steeped in all sorts of folklore, including a myth that their thick coating of slime has magical healing powers.
He later told an officer "don't grab my d**k" and was abusive at the station, Ms Tench said.
The residents in Tench Bhatta and Peoples Colony said that they had been there for years and no one had ever bothered to have them covered or removed these wires.
Campbell and Tench remember Petty inventing lyrics in the moment.
Admittedly the tench is probably at best in the huge meres of Cheshire or the estate lakes that were built in the 18th century, but present within our Leeds-Liverpool Canal, 'our' tench have created an oasis of sport that is still to this day fondly remembered by anglers throughout the country.
Residents of Tench Bhata, Peoples colony and Dhok Syedan have asked education secretary and chief minister Punjab to look into the matter personally and issue directives to the concerned authorities to withdraw orders of shifting of girls students of primary classes to second shift.
Both men were arrested and Mr Tench received a police caution.
Christian Evans banked tench to 4.5lb when he baited with sweetcorn; but it was artificial sweetcorn that worked for Kalam Williams when he banked mirror carp weighing 22lb and 24lb along with a 16lb common carp.
Winner Steve Bull (Sensas Chiltern baits) caught 104lb 6oz of small carp, tench and bream on paste at six metres.
The stocking last December of crucians and tench have improved sport and recent catches of perch and roach have kept anglers busy..
I have included an illustration of Tench's crest located in one of the books of British crests, a standing reindeer with his face turned facing outwards.