tense


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tense

Grammatical tense refers to the conjugation of a verb to reflect its place in time—that is, when the action occurred.
There are technically only two grammatical tenses in English: the past and the present. Verbs in their basic form inherently describe the present time, and they can be conjugated into a unique form that describes the past. We can then use auxiliary verbs and verb participles to create different aspects of the past and present tenses, which describe if an action is or was continuous, or if it began at an earlier point in the past.
However, verbs do not have a specific conjugated form to reflect the future, and, for this reason, English is considered not to have a true future tense.
Nevertheless, although English has no future tense in the strict sense, we commonly refer to several structures that are used for future meaning as belonging to the “future tense.” The most common of these structures begin with will or be going to.
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tense

[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammargrammar,
description of the structure of a language, consisting of the sounds (see phonology); the meaningful combinations of these sounds into words or parts of words, called morphemes; and the arrangement of the morphemes into phrases and sentences, called syntax.
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 of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflectioninflection,
in grammar. In many languages, words or parts of words are arranged in formally similar sets consisting of a root, or base, and various affixes. Thus walking, walks, walker have in common the root walk and the affixes -ing, -s, and -er.
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 the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voicevoice,
grammatical category according to which an action is referred to as done by the subject (active, e.g., men shoot bears) or to the subject (passive, e.g., bears are shot by men). In Latin, voice is a category of inflection like mood or tense.
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, moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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, person, and number. Tense specifies whether the verb refers to action in the past, present, or future. A tenselike distinction found in many languages (e.g., Russian and Hebrew) is that of aspect, by which verbs specify whether or not the action has been completed; thus, he is risen might be translated by a verb in the perfective aspect, and he is rising by the same verb in the imperfective aspect. Aspect also refers to the distinction that a verb can make between repeated or ongoing action (he ran daily) and an event represented as occurring at a single point in time (he ran that race). Some terms borrowed from Greek grammar into English suggest aspectlike differences of meaning; these are imperfect (I was reading when …), perfect (I've read the book), and aorist (I read it last year). English tenses can also be classified as simple (e.g., look and looked) or compound (e.g., have looked, am looking, and will look). Any conjugated form of a verb that indicates tense is said to be finite; the infinitive is a special verb form that lacks all tense (as well as mood, person, and number), although it may indicate the active (to read) or passive (to be read) voice.

tense

Of programs, very clever and efficient. A tense piece of code often got that way because it was highly bummed, but sometimes it was just based on a great idea. A comment in a clever routine by Mike Kazar, once a grad-student hacker at CMU: "This routine is so tense it will bring tears to your eyes." A tense programmer is one who produces tense code.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second rule is that of the continuous or progressive tense. The rule is of the nature: be plus the ing form of the verb (ie is going; was singing; were washing; are training; etc).
'Noong umpisa, ramdam ko na, parang, tense, parang ninenerbiyos, parang ayaw magsalita.
The winner of the third place - the pilot of the team "Ferrari" Sebastian Vettel also noted that the competition was rather tense. He said that he would be glad to be on an honorary pedestal.
The two stories eventually collide in a surprising way, and the last third of the novel is tense and exciting.
He said that 'future tense' was used just once in the budget document because the said amount was foreseen, moreover cabinet approved all those projects on which the expenditures were to be made in future.
Future Tense brings an extra layer of difficulty to Crash Bandicoot 3: Warped's Future world, as players dodge rockets, destroy robots and leap over lasers while ascending a massive futuristic skyscraper.
Although, in everyday speech, paid is the simple past tense form of the verb to pay, here paid has arrived into English from a different root to serve also as a noun; so that to put paid to, for instance, an idea or an article is to render the idea or article ineffective, nugatory, profitless, unserviceable, what-have-you.
For more information about Future Tense and upcoming programs, visit http://www.newamerica.org/ future-tense.
According to source, Nawaz cancelled his Tuesday scheduled visit to Karachi due to growing tense political situation after the submission of JIT report.
The description of the grammar is based on Standard Swahili, and the format of description is conventionally adequate--with a few exceptions such as the aforementioned coinage of the term 'already tense'.
Central to Cohens explanation of the BH verbal system in general is Reichenbachs (1947) concepts of reference time and relative tense (see also Comrie 1985: 36, 58), in the application of which to BH Cohen follows Hatav (1997).
This paper presents cognitive problems of the Urdu-medium learners in their usage of the present simple tense. The term used to label the distorted concepts is fossil.