Many studies on how to follow a stress-strain behavior using different joint models such as under tensile load
, step [7-8], angle [9-12], overlap [13-18], butt joint , embedded covers , intermediate element  were carried out in the literature.
The main effects plot for the main effect terms in tensile load
and flexural strength for factors a, [T.sub.C], and [t.sub.C] are shown in Figures 4 and 5, respectively.
Gong, "Evaluation of plastic damage for metallic materials under tensile load
using nonlinear longitudinal waves," NDT& EInternational., vol.
Figure 1 shows the relevant pipe and crack dimensions for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to tensile load
T and bending moment M.
Griping the FRP bar with a device which could undertake the tensile load
for any measurement of mechanical properties is a key technique.
The highest ultimate tensile load
of 2400 N is shown in configuration III.
Take tensile load
of 30 kN as an example and numerical results of matrix crushing damage are given in Figure 11.
The second approach considers the formation of a single crack across a specific interatomic plane through the application of tensile load
as depicted in Figure 2(c).
It is also observed that the peak in each loaded sample occurs around 0[degrees] in angle, which implies that the fiber orientation of the scaffold matrix is in the direction of the uniaxial tensile load
The primary data used to evaluate the performance of each specimen group consisted of the ultimate tensile load
carried before failure.