For group A, the fracture modes showed tension failure
with many vertical fractures and sheet debris.
The distribution of the displacement vectors with upward movement is uneven, and thus the tension failure
is still observed within the model, like in part B.
There is no net Tension failure
(NT) in this study.
This can be attributed to the fact that the response of these beams is mainly governed by diagonal tension failure
. The actual failure occurred due to rapid propagation of the diagonal crack along the top layer of tension steel to the end of the beam  similar to that presented earlier in Fig.
The calculated results, based on leading characteristic curve models for bolted jolts, are presented as margins of safety for bearing failure, shear failure, and net tension failure
for each plate, as well as the margin of safety for the fastener and sleeve if used.
In this mode, maximum moment was associated with a brittle tension failure
, but after some compression yielding had occurred.
The results of experiments show that the shear failure of reinforced concrete (RC) slender beams without stirrups is always governed by diagonal tension failure
mode rather than compression failure mode.
In this regard it is recommended that concrete in which anchorage is bonded shall have sufficient strength which should not fail prior to the tension failure
of anchor bolts.
All the groups of glulam beams tested in four-point bending exhibited tension failure
in the wood with the exception of one prestressed glulam beam that failed in compression.
The internal stability of the wall is checked against tension failure
and pull out failure.
It can be seen after analysis on failure modes under different filling intervals that specimens with a filling interval of 12 h show tension failure
throughout the layered surface.