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(tĕr`əbĭnth) or

turpentine tree,

small deciduous tree (Pistacia terebinthus) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), native to the Mediterranean region. It yielded probably the earliest-known form of turpentine, said to have been used in medicine by the ancient Greeks. The yield of the terebinth is now called Chian, Scio, or Cyprian turpentine. The terebinth is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Pistacia terebinthus), a dioecious deciduous shrub or small tree of the family Anacardiaceae. The plant reaches 5 m in height and has odd-pinnate leaves with three to nine leaflets. The small unisexual flowers have a simple perianth of two to six bracts and are gathered in large panicles. The fruit is a drupe. The terebinth grows in the western Mediterranean Region, in arid light forests and on limestone mountain slopes. The tree is tapped for Chian turpentine, a resin that contains an essential oil closely related to turpentine oil. Turpentine oil itself is obtained from the seeds. Galls caused by aphids on the leaves and branches contain tannins, which are used in tanning leathers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tartaric acid and terebinth resin occur together in a large number of Near Eastern jars, including wine-bearing jugs from ancient Egypt, he adds.
GOS, terebinth berries and their blend (1:1) were pyrolyzed at low temperatures in an autoclave.
Oil shale samples from the Goynuk Himmetoglu deposit and terebinth berries were ground to the 120 [micro]m particle size according to ASTM D2013 and used in experiments as received.
Low-temperature pyrolysis experiments were performed with a sample of 4.0 g of powdered GOS, moisture 7.04%, or terebinth berries, moisture 7.12%, in a micro-autoclave (V = 20 mL).
For comparison purpose, a terebinth berries sample was also pyrolyzed at 400 [degrees]C in Fischer assay conditions.
SC water affected product yields and composition of extracts derived from both GOS and terebinth berries.
5b, there is no synergistic effect at hydrous pyrolysis of GOS and terebinth berries.
It should be noted that there is no synergistic effect on the composition of hexane extract in the co-pyrolysis of GOS and terebinth berries.
'Arise, walk through the land in the length of it And in the breadth of it: For unto thee will I give it.' And Abram moved his tent, And came and dwelt by the terebinths of Mamre, Which are in Hebron, And built there an altar unto the Lord.
that mountain on the other side of the Jordan, beyond the west road which is in the land of the Canaanites who dwell in the Arabah, near Gilgal by the Terebinths of Moreh, near Shechem"(17) (Exodus 20, after verse 14).
Abraham is connected particularly with the Negeb, in the south of the country, with the names of Hebron and Beer-Sheba, but also with Bethel and Shechem in the central hill/country (Genesis 13:18 "the terebinths of Mature which are in Hebron"; 14:13; 18:1; 21:31; 22:19; 23; Genesis 12:6, 8, 13:3-4).