pv] terminal voltage
, K Boltzmann constant, T cell temperature in Kelvin, N ideality factor, [R.
The back EMF waveform from the zero crossing point is measured indirectly from the three terminal voltage
of the motor.
Based on the obtained results, a no-load output terminal voltage
Once simulations at all frequencies have been completed, the frequency content of the collected terminal voltage
and current signals at the frequency of excitation is calculated to produce the impedance given by (1) in which the overbar indicates phasor values.
The load will adjust its resistance to sink more or less current while keeping the terminal voltage
Caption: Figure 7: Terminal voltage
calculated by different numerical methods.
As well, higher currents force the terminal voltage
to decrease due to the internal impedance.
Therefore, at the start-up instant when the compensator output is zero, the AC-side terminal voltage
to be generated starts from a value equal to [V.
Charge controller should monitor the terminal voltage
of battery VBAT and by applying different combinations of currentICHARGE and voltage VCHARGE should make sure that battery is fully charged for most of time the charging of battery should be performed in following four steps.
From two cells upward, the terminal voltage
expressions are no longer transparent.
The terminal voltage
on each antenna element is composed of the terminal voltage
due to the incident wave only in addition to that due to the mutual coupling effect by the other antenna elements.
Thus, by using (9), the vector-potential components for each line section and riser can be expressed in terms of terminal voltage