terminology

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terminology

The terminology used in the computer and telecommunications field adds tremendous confusion not only for the lay person, but for the technicians themselves. What many do not realize is that terms are made up by anybody and everybody in a nonchalant, casual manner without any regard or understanding of their ultimate ramifications. Programmers come up with error messages that make sense to them at the moment and never give a thought that people actually have to read them when something goes wrong. In addition, marketing people turn everything upside down, naming things based on how high-tech and sexy they sound. And, the worst of all is naming specific technologies with generic words. See naming fiascos and technical writer.

Following is an example of two routing protocols that are used to keep routers up-to-date with network information. OSPF and IS-IS do similar things; in fact, OSPF evolved from IS-IS, yet every element associated with these standards has a different name. This constant changing of names, changing of menus, changing of parameters, etc., is what makes this field incomprehensible and discourages a lot of good people from entering it.

IS-IS              OSPF

 Subdomain          = Area

 Level-1 area       = Non-backbone area

 Level-2 subdomain  = Backbone area

 L1L2 router        = Area Border Router

 Intermediate       = Autonomous System
  System               Boundary Router

 End system         = Host

 Intermediate
  system            = Router

 Link               = Circuit

 Protocol
  data unit         = Packet

 Designated         = Designated
  Intermediate         Router
  System

 Link-State PDU     = Link-State
                       Advertisement

 IIH PDU            = Hello packet

 Complete Sequence  = Database description
  Number PDU

Terminology

 

a branch of vocabulary; the sum total of the terms used in a particular area of science, technology, industry, art, or public life and connected with a corresponding system of concepts. The establishment of a terminology is conditioned by social, scientific, and technological development, since every new concept in a specialized area must be designated by a term.

A system of terminology must correspond to the current state of development in a given area of science, technology, or human activity. Terminology changes over the course of history and derives from various sources. For example, with the development of philosophy and science in the Middle East, the terminologies of the Muslim countries were based on Arabic. Renaissance Europe tended to base its terminologies on Greek and Latin. More recently, an increasing number of terms have been based on national languages accompanied by borrowing from foreign languages. Russian terminology also makes extensive use of foreign elements of terminology combined with native elements, for example, superoblozhka (“dust jacket”) and ocherkist (”essayist”).

Terminologies are subject to regulation, standardization, and lexicography. The compilation of terminological dictionaries for various languages, as well as of specialized terminological dictionaries, is of great importance. Aspects of terminology are dealt with by conventional and machine translation, by information retrieval systems, and by the field of documentation. In the USSR, the Committee on Scientific and Technological Terminology of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the State Committee on Standards of the USSR deal with terminology. International organizations concerned with terminology include the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and UNESCO (INFOTERM).

REFERENCES

Lotte, D. S. Osnovy postroeniia nauchno-tekhnicheskoi i dr. terminologii: Voprosy teorii i metodiki. Moscow, 1961.
Reformatskii, A. A. Chto takoe termin i terminologiia. Moscow, 1959.
Kak rabotat’ nad [nauchno-tekhnicheskoi] terminologia. Moscow, 1968.
Sovremennye problemy terminologii v nauke i tekhnike. Moscow, 1969.
Kandelaki, T. L. “Znacheniia terminov i sistemy znachenii nauchnotekhnicheskikh terminologii.” In Problemy iazyka nauki i tekhniki. Moscow, 1970.
Lingvisticheskie problemy nauchno-tekhnicheskoi terminologii. Moscow, 1970.

T. L. KANDELAKI and V. P. NEROZNAK

References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, we have labeled polysemy, synonymy, paronymy, and homonymy as infelicitous or rather inadvisable semantic relations in the case of terminological research.
As for terminological aspects, Leumann speaks about the kernel or main function (Kernfunktion or Grundfunktion) of the suffix, which should be distinguished, and stresses that this overlaps mostly with its historically primitive function.
Then in this case in integrated terminological axiom set T [subset or equal to] K should be defined equal atomic concepts (1) of different ontologies in terminological axiom terms of a concepts equivalence (3).
Lexical units that constitute the core of general scientific lexis are both the lexical-semantic basis of scientific communication in the broadest context and are also used in coining various terminological phrases.
Such is a terminological interpretation of the notion "economic mechanism" is new, more exact, avoids the uncertainty.
In this part, terminological units are defined both from a linguistic and from a functional point of view, being the latter perspective amplified with the description of neologisms and word-formation resources such as borrowings and calques.
1.1 'Terminological incongruency' in legal language
This is the point of view adopted in the present paper, which is intended to explore a general theory of terms rigorous enough to have a predictive power, that is to say, a theoretical construct capable of determining how likely it is that a given segment of text is a terminological unit.
Chapter three looks at the development of the many labels of leprosy; a clear discourse provides explanations for the different terminology used, focusing on emotional responses, terminological confusion, and rationalization.
According to explanations presented to the press at the end of the conference, a "terminological nuance" constituted an insurmountable obstacle.
According to explanations presented to the press at the end of the conference, a 'terminological nuance' constituted an insurmountable obstacle.
Encountering an instance of this early in his career, Churchill coined the expression "terminological inexactitude"--a play on words alluding to the misapplication of labels and, by extension, the damage that can be done by engaging in this practice.