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(tĕrnä`tā), volcanic island (c.40 sq mi/100 sq km), E Indonesia, in the Molucca Sea, one of the MoluccasMoluccas
or Spice Islands,
Bahasa Indonesia Maluku, Du. Molukken, island group and prov. (1990 pop. 1,856,075), c.32,300 sq mi (83,660 sq km), E Indonesia, between Sulawesi and New Guinea. The capital of the province is Ambon, on Ambon island.
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. Forested and mountainous, the nearly conical Ternate rises to the summit of Gamalama, or the Peak of Ternate (5,627 ft/1,715 m), the volcano whose flanks form the entire island. Extremely active, Gamalama has erupted more than 70 times since the 1500s. The principal town, also called Ternate, is an important transit port for New Guinea and Halmahera; exports include spices and copra.

Despite its small size, the island was for centuries a major spice center and one of the most important islands of the Moluccas. Ruled by a powerful sultan, it became an important Muslim center in the 15th cent. The Portuguese built a fort there in 1522. They were expelled during a native revolt in 1574. The sultan granted the spice concession to the Dutch in 1607. Popular revolts were suppressed by the Dutch in 1650 and 1683, after which the Dutch were in control until Ternate became part of Indonesia.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an island in Indonesia; one of the Moluccas. Situated off the western coast of Halmahera Island. Area, approximately 40 sq km. The island has an active volcano, Mount Temate, that rises to an elevation of 1,715 m. At its summit is a crater, 300 × 250 m in area, inside which are three smaller craters. Since 1538 there have been more than 60 eruptions of basalt and andesite lava. The volcano’s slopes are covered with evergreen rain forests. Rice, corn, coffee, and spices are cultivated on the island, and there is fishing. The port city of Témate is situated on the island.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Composed of three subdivisions, as a leaf with three leaflets.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
On Friday, at least 12 houses in Ternate's coastal area were washed out by onrushing waves, Caisip said.
Chairman Jose Marcel Panlilio to redevelop the 70-hectare Puerto Azul Golf and Country Club and build a 300-room hotel in Ternate, Cavite.
At a recent media gathering in Ternate, Ancajas took on six sparmates, some for one round and others, for two.
According to the Antara news agency, the quake's epicenter was located at 0.78 degree latitude and 126.2 degree longitude, some 130 km southwest of Ternate.
Samud Sergi, an official from the search and rescue agency in Ternate, said the quakes had not been felt in the city.
58,712 which sailed from Penarth for Ternate Moluccas, laden with coals, on February 21.
For example, Duncan criticises me for concluding that the intentionally provocative 'Bloody Sosof letter did not motivate non-Makian Muslims to attack Christians in Ternate. He asserts that I rely too much on interviewees' denials four years later and fail to 'consider the atmospherics surrounding the reading of the letter'.
Interestingly, Nuku also manipulated the Dutch fear of British intrusions by sending false letters via local infiltrators to the government in Ternate, Ambon, or Banda.
An oil tanker carrying 7,000 kilolitres (1.8 million gallons) of gasoline and diesel fuel crashed into a jetty while unloading at an oil terminal in Ternate, the province's capital, breaking one of the ship's 12 storage compartments.
Summary: Indonesia's Mount Gamalama volcano has erupted, showering the nearby city of Ternate with ash.
In a separate incident, the USGS recorded a 5.9 magnitude tremor, 150 miles north of Ternate in the Moluccas islands, off Indonesia.