The main components of the essential oil from the flower were germacrene-D (21.2%), p-cymene (20.6%), bicyclogermacrene (17.6%), [gamma]-dodecadienolactone (13.7%), and terpinolene
The germacrene-d, [alpha]-pinene, terpinolene
, p-cymene, bicyclogermane and limonene compounds were analysed as major components in the essential oils of the plant (Shafaghat et al.
Turpentine is composed of terpenes which mainly consist of the monoterpenes such as alpha-pinene and beta-pinene with small quantities of careen, dipentene, camphene and terpinolene
. Turpentine is often replaced by mineral turpentine or other petroleum distillates which are very different chemically.
We also measure the Terpene content (Linalool, Myrcene, Limonene, Terpinolene
, a-Pinene, p-Pinene, Humulene, Caryophyllene, and Caryophyllene oxide).").
Studies on peppermint and its species shows that its leaf and essential oil include such components as acetaldehyde, amyl alcohol, esters of mannitol, limonene, pinene, phellandrene, cadinene, pulegone, dimethyl sulfide, alpha-pinene, sabinene, terpinolene
, ocimene, gamma-terpinene, alpha- and betathujone, and citronellol.
axyridis to D-limonene and terpinolene
with no aphids: Analytical reagent-grade pure D-limonene and terpinolene
were used to test the behavioral responses of H.
Components (a) Composition% [alpha]-Thujene/[alpha]-pinene 0.56 Camphene 0.08 [beta]-Pinene 0.09 Sabinene 0.03 Myrcene 0.91 [alpha]-Phellandrene 0.09 [alpha]-Terpinene 0.50 Limonene 0.15 1,8-Cineole+[beta]-phellandrene 0.07 [beta]-Ocimene 0.07 [gamma]-Terpinene 4.54 3-Octanone 0.07 [rho]-Cymene 3.11 Terpinolene
0.05 3-Octanol 0.11 1-Octen-3-ol 0.22 Dimethyl styrene 0.10 Trans-Sabinene hydrate 0.14 Linalool 0.32 Cis-Sabinene hydrate 0.03 1-Terpilool 0.05 Terpinen-4-ol 0.22 Carvacrol methyl ether 0.33 [beta]-Caryophyllene 1.43 Dihydrocarvone 0.09 [alpha]-Humulene 0.08 [alpha]-Terpineol 0.21 Bomeol 0.33 [beta]-Bisabolene 0.71 Caryophyllene oxide 0.16 Thymol 1.90 Carvacrol 79.92 Total 99.99 (a) The dates were provided by Meritech Bioengineering Co.
acid, p-coumaric acid, peels and juice (Q): (Rutaceae); ferulic acid, and Sta, Sau, Sm, 25859/HNC sinapinic acid), Ss,Kp,and Ec ; lavonoids (hesperidin, ethanolic extracts of narirutin, naringin, peels: Sta, Pv, Kp, eriocitrin) , Ec, Bs,and Pa ; essential oil crude extract of juice composition: D- (Q): Ec, Sta, and MRSA limonene, [beta]- ; crude extracts myrcene, [alpha]- from diferent parts of pinene, [beta]- the plants reduce high pinene, [gamma]- blood pressure, terpinene, [alpha]- respiratory problems, terpinolene
, [alpha]- rheumatism [25, 26], caryophyllene, and anticancer, copaene, [beta]- antimicrobial, and phellandrene  and antioxidant activity many other .
The following analytical standards were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (Germany): ethyl butanoate, ethyl crotonate, butyl acetate, butyl butanoate, ethyl hexanoate, hexyl acetate, propyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate, octyl acetate, isoamylhexanoate, methyl acetate, hexyl hexanoate, ethyl decanoate, citronellyl acetate, 2-heptenal, nonanal, trans-2-nonenal, decanal, cis-3-hexen-1-ol, trans-3-hexen-1-ol, hexan-1-ol, 1octanol, linalool, [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-pinene, myrcene, limonene, [gamma]-terpinene, [alpha]-terpinene, terpinolene
, [alpha]-ionone, [beta]-ionone, 6methyl-5-hepten- 2-one, rose oxide, and citronellol.
However, based on previous studies at the same study site, the rain forest produces at least 12 different monoterpene species, including [beta]-ocimene and terpinolene
, which are highly reactive with respect to ozone (Jardine et al.
This study evaluated the effect of the monoterpene terpinolene
(TPL) (4-isopropylidene-1-methylcyclohexene) (Figure 1B) associated with DCF in acute and chronic inflammatory hyperalgesia.
With respect to crop levels, only three--isobutyl alcohol, terpinolene
and diethyl succinate (the latter was only detected in HC treatment)--differed between HC and FC in 2011.