Terramare

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Terramare

 

a settlement of a Bronze Age archaeological culture in northern Italy. The terramares were small fortified settlements 1–2 hectares in area. Their population was engaged in land cultivation, stock raising, and hunting. Finds in the terramares have included hand-modeled pottery vessels with crescent handles, as well as bronze and stone implements and weapons. The discovery of flaxseed and of fragments of clothing and spinning wheels testifies to the development of weaving. Judging by the type of burials (urn necropolises), there was no sharp social or property-based inequality.

REFERENCE

Nemirovskii, A. I. “Plemena Italii vo II tys. do n. e.” Vestnik drevneiistorii, 1957, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The book's last chapter concludes that there were well organised exchange networks in place in the Po plain by the Late Bronze Age (involving a shift from alpine sources to metal produced in the metal-bearing foothills) in the period between the Terramare culture and that of the bronze centres, with the site of Frattesina pre-eminent amongst them.
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For comparison for example in Hungary mostly stone tools have been used for bone working in the Middle Bronze Age, but in the Late Bronze Age metal tools were also used, especially for making the ornamented antler details of horse harness (Choyke 2005, 129; Sofaer 2010, 199); in northern Italian terramares in the Middle Bronze Age bronze tools were used for antler working (Provenzano 2001, 97).