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a group of breeds of sporting dogs and pet dogs bred down from them. Most terriers are native to Great Britain, where they have been known since the 12th century. They were used for hunting burrowing animals and to control small predators and rats. Terriers, with their well-developed hunting instinct, boldly attack animals that exceed them in size and weight. They are usually affectionate toward man.
There are approximately 30 breeds of terriers. Sporting breeds, measuring 30–40 cm in height, include wirehaired and smooth-haired fox terriers, Welsh terriers, Irish terriers, Scottish terriers, bullterriers, and Cesky terriers. Breeds raised exclusively as pets, measuring 18–26 cm in height, include Kerry blue terriers, Lakeland terriers, Skye terriers, Tibetan terriers, bomskii terriers, Yorkshire terriers, Boston terriers, and toy terriers. One breed, the Airedale, measuring 62–66 cm in height, is used as a working dog.
In the USSR, fox terriers are used to hunt foxes and raccoon dogs and sometimes badgers. Airedales and several pet breeds are raised as well.