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1. Law evidence given by a witness, esp orally in court under oath or affirmation
2. Old Testament
a. the Ten Commandments, as inscribed on the two stone tables
b. the Ark of the Covenant as the receptacle of these (Exodus 25:16; 16:34)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in Soviet law, oral evidence concerning circumstances of significance for a criminal or civil case made by a witness during questioning or in court and included in the record. The information given as testimony may result from direct observation of the event, action, or fact or may be drawn from the accounts of other persons or from documents.

In criminal cases, testimony can be used to establish any circumstance subject to proof; in certain civil cases, testimony does not constitute proof, for example, an oral agreement concerning a loan of more than 50 rubles. Giving deliberately false testimony, refusing to answer questions, and giving evasive answers are criminal offenses against the administration of justice (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 181 and 182).

In labor law, testimony is admitted in establishing the length of service when assigning pensions in those cases where the appropriate documents have not been saved and cannot be obtained because records do not exist. Testimony is authorized to determine the length of service of an industrial worker or office employee only in cases where at least one-half of the period in question can be confirmed by documents; for kolkhoz members, the entire period of service required for assignment of a pension can be established by testimony. The period of service is established on the basis of testimony of two or more witnesses, one of whom must know the claimant from working together at the same enterprise or in the same system. The testimony may be submitted in written form, in which case the authenticity of the signatures of the witnesses must be notarized.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Detective Superintendent Zhibi further testified that he got an information from a certain Mr Kesupile, who was a police officer, to the effect that the accused had an appointment with the pastor so he sourced the device in order for the pastor to record their conversation.
Six witnesses testified in-camera over safety concerns.
Three pharmacists, whose stores sold pseudoephedrine to defendant or people who bought pseudoephedrine for defendant, testified about their stores' reporting of sales to the NPLEx system.
The first officer on the scene, Matt Hann, testified that Ward greeted him with a vulgar epithet and appeared to be agitated and irrational.
Sister Patricia Fox testifies vs Duterte gov't before int'l tribunal !-- -- (philstar.com) - September 19, 2018 - 12:21am MANILA, Philippines Australian nun Patricia Fox testified against the Duterte government before an international tribunal on Tuesday, narrating the political persecution she experienced.
It was the 33-year-old nephew of the Jordanian immigrant convicted in the death of Gelareh Bagherzadeh who testified that the Jordanian was present at Bagherzadeh's murder but did not fire the fatal shot.
Former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort's right-hand man testified at trial on Tuesday that Manafort instructed him not to tell their firm's bookkeeper about payments from accounts in Cyprus that held millions of dollars in earnings from consulting work for pro-Russian politicians in Ukraine.
Former Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak must explain why he had not voluntarily testified before the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) inquiry on the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) scandal.
Benson, testified that he unknowingly participated in the arson of Vaught's vehicle.
Late last year, four justices testified against the Chief Justice-Associate Justices Teresita de Castro, Noel Tijam and Francis Jardeleza, and retired Associate Justice Arturo Brion.
The 46-year-old Indian-born American author testified that she was "terrified" and "felt threatened" as she attempted to cross a picket line for filming of the show in the Boston suburb of Milton, Deadline reported.