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1. Law evidence given by a witness, esp orally in court under oath or affirmation
2. Old Testament
a. the Ten Commandments, as inscribed on the two stone tables
b. the Ark of the Covenant as the receptacle of these (Exodus 25:16; 16:34)



in Soviet law, oral evidence concerning circumstances of significance for a criminal or civil case made by a witness during questioning or in court and included in the record. The information given as testimony may result from direct observation of the event, action, or fact or may be drawn from the accounts of other persons or from documents.

In criminal cases, testimony can be used to establish any circumstance subject to proof; in certain civil cases, testimony does not constitute proof, for example, an oral agreement concerning a loan of more than 50 rubles. Giving deliberately false testimony, refusing to answer questions, and giving evasive answers are criminal offenses against the administration of justice (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 181 and 182).

In labor law, testimony is admitted in establishing the length of service when assigning pensions in those cases where the appropriate documents have not been saved and cannot be obtained because records do not exist. Testimony is authorized to determine the length of service of an industrial worker or office employee only in cases where at least one-half of the period in question can be confirmed by documents; for kolkhoz members, the entire period of service required for assignment of a pension can be established by testimony. The period of service is established on the basis of testimony of two or more witnesses, one of whom must know the claimant from working together at the same enterprise or in the same system. The testimony may be submitted in written form, in which case the authenticity of the signatures of the witnesses must be notarized.

References in periodicals archive ?
CPAs who testify as expert witnesses must describe what CPA certification requires and why they should be considered experts in a particular case.
Those clearly identified as expert witnesses testify in court about four times a year and also participate in an average of eight or more depositions per year.
The Florida Medical Association (FMA), for example, is pushing legislation that requires experts who testify in medical malpractice cases to be of the same or similar specialty as the defendant physician and licensed in Florida.
Second, even in courts where it has been adopted, most judges have interpreted it as applying only to "hard" scientists, which means that it will have no effect on the vast majority of the experts who testify.
At the University of Virginia, Paul Elliot Dietz, a professor of law and psychology, teaches his medical students how to testify.
30) Procedures should be developed detailing how this request is made, whether there should be a showing that the employee is likely to testify, who in the agency should process the request and review the file, and what is the appropriate form of response.
While police-defendants may develop "attitudes" concerning criminal cases in which they testify, the emotions associated with such feelings usually do not obstruct their ability to offer clear, concise professional testimony.
Officers scheduled to testify should come to the hearing well-prepared.