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1. Law evidence given by a witness, esp orally in court under oath or affirmation
2. Old Testament
a. the Ten Commandments, as inscribed on the two stone tables
b. the Ark of the Covenant as the receptacle of these (Exodus 25:16; 16:34)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in Soviet law, oral evidence concerning circumstances of significance for a criminal or civil case made by a witness during questioning or in court and included in the record. The information given as testimony may result from direct observation of the event, action, or fact or may be drawn from the accounts of other persons or from documents.

In criminal cases, testimony can be used to establish any circumstance subject to proof; in certain civil cases, testimony does not constitute proof, for example, an oral agreement concerning a loan of more than 50 rubles. Giving deliberately false testimony, refusing to answer questions, and giving evasive answers are criminal offenses against the administration of justice (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 181 and 182).

In labor law, testimony is admitted in establishing the length of service when assigning pensions in those cases where the appropriate documents have not been saved and cannot be obtained because records do not exist. Testimony is authorized to determine the length of service of an industrial worker or office employee only in cases where at least one-half of the period in question can be confirmed by documents; for kolkhoz members, the entire period of service required for assignment of a pension can be established by testimony. The period of service is established on the basis of testimony of two or more witnesses, one of whom must know the claimant from working together at the same enterprise or in the same system. The testimony may be submitted in written form, in which case the authenticity of the signatures of the witnesses must be notarized.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An eyewitness from the petitioner's side, Model Kinza, gave testimony that Meesha's claims were false and contrary to the facts.
'Police testimony is sufficient in the absence of any other witness,' said the apex court, adding it's not correct to state that the testimony of the police alone cannot be relied upon.
Justice Asjad Javed Ghural was hearing an appeal of a convict in the gang-rape case when it transpired that testimony of one of the prosecution witnesses, namely Muhammad Sharif, had been found false.
'If the evidence and testimony are false, how can the court award a sentence, ' he asked.
We are starting a journey towards truth from today March 4.' He went on to warn that 'If any part of any testimony is found to be false, the whole of it (the testimony) will be disregarded,' regretting that 'People who lie in testimonies have ruined the (judicial) system.'
PM Imran Khan tweeted 'I welcome CJ's statement on punishing those who give false testimony. 'Journey towards truth' is a journey towards Naya Pakistan.
Summary: The premier tweeted in support of Chief Justice on punishing those giving false testimony
Mohammad Arshad, who had issued a false testimony in ASI Mazhar Hussain's murder case, appeared before the court.
Ondrej noted down the testimony of Walter and Alfred after they escaped from Auschwitz.Rescuer: Ondrej #268aneckyacuteRescued: Alfred Wetzler and Walter RosenbergOn April 10, 1944 Walter Rosenberg and Alfred Wetzler escaped from the concentration camp at Auschwitz.
Although testimony of a scientist who found the synthetic cannabinoids in the spices made by defendants were not analogous to controlled substances would have been favorable to the defendants, his testimony was cumulative and would not have had a "reasonable probability" of changing the outcome of the case.
Expert testimony is required in almost all professional malpractice cases.