The stanza form of his "Premature Baby" ([phrase omitted]) with its non-standard sequence of endings (masculine-feminine-masculine-feminine instead of the usual feminine-masculine-feminine-masculine) was taken from Del'vig's "Conversation with a Genius." In Baratynsky's first collection trochaic tetrameters
remain within the traditional sphere of epicureanism, album poetry, and epigram, such as "Lethe," ([phrase omitted]), "To Aurora Stjernvall" ([phrase omitted]), "Clawed Flyer ..." ([phrase omitted]).
(15) This work--once one of Coleridge's most highly-prized works, now fallen into disregard--clearly differs greatly from the mood and tone of "Kubla Khan." Yet the latter work opens in accordance with very similar metrical principles, albeit with an additional tetrameter
It is tightly organized, with a regular triple pulse and conventional tetrameter
and pentameter lines.
These, however, give way in "Upon Appleton House" to the slow and austere tetrameters
in which the ponderous punctuation stresses the limits of a compartmentalized and disciplined universe: 'Tis she that to these gardens gave That wondrous beauty which they have; She straightness on the woods bestows; To her the meadow sweetness owes.
In the opening stanza the language is mobile, "sway," "swing," "sway," and optimistic "bliss," "days," "daylight." And, although the iambic trimeters and tetrameters
that create the waltz-like movement of the poem are perpetuated in the next two stanzas, the language has become static, "beneath your feet," "fallen," "crushed," "lies," "dead," "death," which reflects the situation of both the rose and the speaker who are trapped in this situation for as long as the dance--or the courtship that it may produce--lasts.
can be scanned as the tetrameter
and trailing trimeter lines of a hymn stanza.
Poem 17, 'Ty ne skazhesh' komaru', is in trochaic tetrameter
The poem is in iambic tetrameter
, and if Nathan had wanted to choose a Jewish synagogal melody of identical length and rhythm he had a wide choice, including one of the oldest and best known, the closing hymn of Sabbath and Festival services, Adon olam asher malakh/B'terem kol ye-tzir nivra.
, and so on violate binarity at various levels and to various degrees to provide the poet with distinct, and distinctive, line lengths.
Iambic and trochaic tetrameters
are turned into correspondingly longer but at times more loosely stressed English iambic verses.
into iambic pentameters, and tetrameters
, entails still more careful
These essentials - levels of stress, tetrameters
, feet (iambs to anapaests) - are concisely dealt with in Chapter 1.