Thalassemia

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Related to thalassaemia: Thalassaemia minor

thalassemia

[‚thal·ə′sē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
A hereditary form of hemolytic anemia resulting from a defective synthesis of hemoglobin: thalassemia major is the homozygous state accompanied by clinical illness, and thalassemia minor is the heterozygous state and may not have evident clinical manifestations. Also known as Mediterranean anemia.

Thalassemia

 

(also thalassanemia), a familial hemolytic anemia, first detected in 1925 among inhabitants of the Mediterranean region. Thalassemia is caused by disturbances in hemoglobin synthesis.

References in periodicals archive ?
5 million people in the country carried thalassaemia minor effects while more than 100,000 were major carries of the disease.
The women with three months pregnancy should be brought at Thalassaemia Center for test, she said and emphasized the need of launching a massive campaign for the prevention of Thalassaemia.
There are no facilities available for thalassaemia patients in major hospitals of Karachi like the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH) and the National Institute of Child Health (NICH).
In Bangladesh, the infant mortality rate is rapidly decreasing due to targeted vaccination programmes, better health care and nutrition with the rise of per capita income resulting in more children attending hospital with genetic disorders like thalassaemia.
He further elaborated that Pakistan Thalassaemia Centre project of Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal (PBM)
Hereditary blood disorders such as SCD and thalassaemia impose a significant burden on many countries," explained Dr Bahram.
The provincial government has initiated pre-marriage screening for thalassaemia and hepatitis on voluntary basis as the disease can be slashed down by avoiding intra-family marriages.
More than five million children born each year around the world are carriers of a form of severe hemoglobinopathy, mainly thalassaemia and sickle cell anaemia, of which a large percentage die before the age of 15 due to lack of proper treatment.
Thalassaemia is due to reduced synthesis of a globins chain, because of mutations in Beta gene of adult haemoglobin, the Beta chain production is either totally, partially or minimally depressed depending upon the mutation.
9% and diagnosis of beta thalassaemia trait with heterozygous hereditary elliptocytosis was made.