However, most observers viewing the region in mid-2001 could only rate the pace of overall political and economic reform in Central Asia and the Caucasus
as slow at best.
Further, the book draws a parallel between the energy resources of the Caucasus
and the oil deposits of the North Sea.
also sees cooperation in security issues involving direct military involvement as "a major element in its strategy for the countries in the Caucasus
and Central Asia," (28) and from 1999 those countries have been included in the area of responsibility of the Central Command of the American Armed Forces.
Layton's study is structured according to a compelling dialectic whereby the Caucasus
is primarily constructed, variously by Pushkin, Marlinskii, and Lermontov, as a primitive Asian antipode to core Russian 'civilized' values, a role made more difficult by Russians' insecurity about their affiliation to European culture.
"The International Symposium "Islamic Civilization in the Caucasus
" held in Baku on 9-11 December 1998 at the initiative of great leader Heydar Aliyev was a good example of our people's attachment to their historical past and national and spiritual values."
has never lacked for attention from travelers.
The EU's approach is based on soft-power capabilities and entails a refined and focused version of its "neighborhood policy" towards the Caucasus
. The 2008 crisis engaged the EU's interest, causing it to recognize its lack of presence in the region.
This article examines the causal factors that led to the rise of the Caucasus
Emirate, how the fight for an independent, post-Soviet Chechnya morphed into a much wider struggle for an Islamic emirate governed by Shari'a across the North Caucasus, and how the conflict in the Caucasus
has awkwardly intersected with the ongoing internecine jihadist battles in Syria in ways that its original leadership never intended.
Exploring the Caucasus
in the 21st Century: Essays on Culture,
It should surprise no one that the Chechens, and other peoples of the Caucasus
, do not feel very Russian.
"Due to the situation in the Caucasus
I consider that it is impossible for me to quit my duties," he was shown saying in a posting on Kavkazcenter.com, a separatist website, on Wednesday.
Turkey has a careful strategy in its foreign policy and has only one foreign policy on the Caucasus
. Turkey wishes to facilitate stability in the Caucasus