He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between two or more States;--between a State and Citizens of another State;--between Citizens of different States; --between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
Besides, here is another question; if the laws
are to be altered, are they all to be altered, and in every goverment or not, and whether at the pleasure of one person or many?
No one, indeed, could have imagined the rapture it was to do it, or what a load rolled from my shoulders when I dropped the law
(as far as the law
permitteth) in justice to remember mercy; and to cast a severe eye upon the example, but a merciful eye upon the person.
As the creeper that girdles the tree-trunk the Law
runneth forward and back-- For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, and the strength of the Wolf is the Pack.
The fugitive-slave clause of the Constitution, and the law
for the suppression of the foreign slave-trade, are each as well enforced, perhaps, as any law can ever be in a community where the moral sense of the people imperfectly supports the law
The power to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law
of nations, belongs with equal propriety to the general government, and is a still greater improvement on the articles of Confederation.
Gift, in one case, makes it as really the new owner's, as labor made it the first owner's: in the other case, of patrimony, the law
makes an ownership which will be valid in each man's view according to the estimate which he sets on the public tranquillity.
But it may be again asked, Who is to judge of the NECESSITY and PROPRIETY of the laws
to be passed for executing the powers of the Union?
of traditional physics, in the form in which they deal with movements of matter or electricity, have an apparent simplicity which somewhat conceals the empirical character of what they assert.
To understand the laws
of this continuous movement is the aim of history.