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Criminal law the dishonest taking of property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving the owner permanently of its possession



(Russian, krazha), in criminal law, the secret stealing of property. The secrecy with which the property is taken, implying that the criminal is confident that his actions are not observed by the victim or other people, distinguishes theft from grabezh (open stealing) and robbery.

In the USSR the criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate liability for theft with the intent to gain possession of state or social property and theft with the intent to gain possession of personal property (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 89 and 144). Stricter punishment is prescribed for the theft of state or social property than for the theft of personal property. Liability for the theft of state or social property on an especially large scale or for the petty theft of such property is established by special norms (for example, arts. 931 and 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Under the law the circumstances aggravating liability for theft are repeated theft, theft by a group of people in accordance with a prior agreement, theft using technical means (the latter only in the criminal codes of the RSFSR, Georgian SSR, and Tadzhik SSR), and theft causing significant loss to the victim (in theft of personal property). Especially aggravating circumstances are the commission of theft by a particularly dangerous recidivist or on a large scale (in theft of state or social property).

References in periodicals archive ?
Criminals are trading in their guns for computers and cell phones so they can commit identity theft.
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Classic Security is fully committed to eliminating identity theft.
This lack of cooperation from the credit industry meant the problem took years to resolve: In January 2000, almost five years after Meadows had first found out about the ID theft, a bank employee loudly turned down her application to open an account "because of all those bad debts you left behind in Georgia.
According to a Federal Trade Commission survey, some 30 million people have fallen victim to identity theft in the past seven years.
A Better Business Bureau telephone survey of 4,000 consumers found that only 11 percent of known identity-theft cases occurred online, with Dumpster diving and phone flaud accounting for more thefts, according to a study from online business research firm eMarketer.
Section 165(c)(2) theft loss deductions can be more advantageous than capital loss ones for the following reasons:
Identity theft can range from unauthorized use of a credit card to borrowing money in someone else's name or even assuming another's identity to commit a violent crime.
I know of no provision that will extend the statute of limitations for claiming a theft loss.
With regional offices and over 70 special agents, the OIG investigates allegations of identity theft involving federal student aid funds in conjunction with the U.
Then, during the second week after the stamps disappeared, four incidents of petty theft were reported from rooms 100-120 during mid-day hours.