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Criminal law the dishonest taking of property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving the owner permanently of its possession
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian, krazha), in criminal law, the secret stealing of property. The secrecy with which the property is taken, implying that the criminal is confident that his actions are not observed by the victim or other people, distinguishes theft from grabezh (open stealing) and robbery.

In the USSR the criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate liability for theft with the intent to gain possession of state or social property and theft with the intent to gain possession of personal property (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 89 and 144). Stricter punishment is prescribed for the theft of state or social property than for the theft of personal property. Liability for the theft of state or social property on an especially large scale or for the petty theft of such property is established by special norms (for example, arts. 931 and 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Under the law the circumstances aggravating liability for theft are repeated theft, theft by a group of people in accordance with a prior agreement, theft using technical means (the latter only in the criminal codes of the RSFSR, Georgian SSR, and Tadzhik SSR), and theft causing significant loss to the victim (in theft of personal property). Especially aggravating circumstances are the commission of theft by a particularly dangerous recidivist or on a large scale (in theft of state or social property).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As for an identity theft prevention program, at a minimum it must describe appropriate responses that would prevent and mitigate against identity theft.
The ATA is currently promoting cargo theft prevention legislation that will, among other things, raise the status of interstate cargo theft to a federal crime and include mandatory sentencing and federal data collection; increase the penalties for interstate cargo theft; provide funding for multi-jurisdictional cargo theft task forces; and provide motor carriers, through the Department of Justice, with access to a national criminal background database for all employees and contractors, both current and prospective.
The FTC has issued a how-to guide for businesses available at, and the AICPA has released a guide for CPAs to create an ID theft prevention program available at
In addition to general matters, Cargo Theft Prevention provides detailed, nuts-and-bolts descriptions on how to develop a cargo security plan and how to conduct facility audits.
The ABA Identity Theft Prevention Training Program, which can be customized for the needs of individual banks, includes a range of training and education materials and presentations for bank employees.
Tigard, OR, February 11, 2014 --( IDTELi, LLC., a leading provider of identity theft prevention training and security products, is pleased to announce the launch of its new comprehensive ID Theft Laws Compliance Programs for the hardware store industry.
In a press release issued today, Verisk Crime Analytics announced the strategic alliance between Integro to support the theft prevention efforts of Integro's domestic Property Broker and Forwarder clients.
"It makes no logic or sense whatsoever to destroy this program." But in order to keep the program alive, insurance rate payers will have to pay twice the amount they pay now for the auto theft prevention fund.
CyberDefender (OTCBB:CYDE), a provider of PC Security and Identity Theft prevention solutions, has announced an agreement with Guthy-Renker, an independent direct-response marketing firm, to advertise CyberDefender's antivirus software on radio and TV.
Bicycle parking and theft prevention will be the focus of a community workshop sponsored by the city of Eugene on Wednesday.
From a conference held at the Police Institute at Rutgers University School of Criminal Justice in October of 2003, Maxfield (criminal justice, Rutgers) and Clarke (series editor, Rutgers) compile 10 papers by scholars around the world on car theft prevention studies in the UK, Australia, Europe, and the US.
California lawmakers stepped into the identity theft prevention arena after a hacker broke into a state computer server that housed payroll and other employee records and personal information.