theism


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theism

(thē`ĭzəm), in theology and philosophy, the belief in a personal God. It is opposed to atheism and agnosticism and is to be distinguished from pantheismpantheism
[Gr. pan=all, theos=God], name used to denote any system of belief or speculation that includes the teaching "God is all, and all is God." Pantheism, in other words, identifies the universe with God or God with the universe.
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 and deism (see deistsdeists
, term commonly applied to those thinkers in the 17th and 18th cent. who held that the course of nature sufficiently demonstrates the existence of God. For them formal religion was superfluous, and they scorned as spurious claims of supernatural revelation.
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). Unlike pantheists, theists do not hold God to be identical to the universe. Like deists, they believe that God created the universe and transcends it; unlike the deists, they hold that God involves himself in human affairs. For a summary of the arguments that support theism, see GodGod,
divinity of the three great monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as many other world religions. See also religion and articles on individual religions. Names for God

In the Old Testament various names for God are used.
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.

Theism

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In the broadest sense, theism means a belief in God. The general implication, however, is that the belief is held in a conscious and rational manner; hence theism is usually applied only to a system of beliefs that has some claim to be regarded as a philosophy. Wiccans are considered polytheists, believing in more than one god. They might also be regarded as pantheists, believing that the divine is in all of Nature.

Theism is the direct antithesis of atheism, which is a denial of the existence of a god. Theism is also distinguished from deism, a belief held by a group of eighteenth-century writers on natural religion who thought of god and the world as being quite separate and distinct.

Theism

 

a religious world view proceeding from an understanding of absolute being as an infinite divine person who is transcendent to the world and who created the world in a free act of will and continues to control it. (In orthodox Christianity, god is understood as a “trinity” of three such persons.)

Acceptance of the transcendancy of god distinguishes theism from pantheism. In theism, god is conceived as the source of the being of all things yet is separate from all things. (Catholic theology, however, postulates an “analogy of being” between the being of god and the being of things.) Theism differs in this both from monistic mysticism, with its concept of the identity between god and the world, and the pantheistic concept of emanation, by which the world is described as naturally and necessarily emanating from the fullness of divine being. The acceptance of the continuing, conscious, active role of god in the world distinguishes theism from deism and accounts for the concepts of divine providence and the miracles that are characteristic of theism.

Theism developed in its purest form within the framework of three genetically linked religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The term “theism” was first used by the English philosopher R. Cudworth.

Marxism-Leninism’s critique of theism as a type of religious world view is based on the general principles of the critique of any form of religious consciousness. (SeeRELIGION.)

theism

1. the form of the belief in one God as the transcendent creator and ruler of the universe that does not necessarily entail further belief in divine revelation
2. the belief in the existence of a God or gods
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond the Bounds: Open Theism and the Understanding of Biblical Christianity.
But he claims that some version of theism is compatible with 'nontheoretical physicalism'.
I intend to show that the answer to this question is negative; and this conviction will lead me to attempt an appraisal of the theism of the ancient Egypt via a comparative study with an African vision of monotheism.
In doing this, he contrasts his view not only with Molinism, but with theological determinism, and the open theism position that denies any foreknowledge on God's part whatever.
As Plantinga makes clear at the outset, he is not now trying to prove naturalism false or theism true.
The bottom line, the author believes, is that the validity of theism was proven by how religious belief withstood the storm of the communist atheistic onslaught in Russia and the other Soviet republics.
However, several scholars have argued that a strong notion of theism rarely penetrates very deeply into the theories and practices that are labeled theistic (cf.
From the very beginning Buhring makes it clear that in proposing humanocentric theism as his response to the "theodicy question" he is" affirm[ing] the reality of evil, the goodness of God, and reinterpret[ing] the nature of God's power" (p.
After that, contributions discuss evolutionary theory, 'creationism', the question of 'intelligent design', naturalism, evolutionary theism and, arguably more interesting, 'reformulations of tradition' which discusses how theologians and churchmen have come to terms with the post-Darwinian world.
Those who wish to continue using updated versions of Lewis's arguments for Christian theism will have to get past Beversluis in order to do so with credibility, and their arguments will be stronger for the exercise.
Chapter 3 looks at biotechnology in the light of competing worldviews and articulates three: philosophical naturalism, environmentalist biocentrism, and Christian theism.