theism

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theism

(thē`ĭzəm), in theology and philosophy, the belief in a personal God. It is opposed to atheism and agnosticism and is to be distinguished from pantheismpantheism
[Gr. pan=all, theos=God], name used to denote any system of belief or speculation that includes the teaching "God is all, and all is God." Pantheism, in other words, identifies the universe with God or God with the universe.
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 and deism (see deistsdeists
, term commonly applied to those thinkers in the 17th and 18th cent. who held that the course of nature sufficiently demonstrates the existence of God. For them formal religion was superfluous, and they scorned as spurious claims of supernatural revelation.
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). Unlike pantheists, theists do not hold God to be identical to the universe. Like deists, they believe that God created the universe and transcends it; unlike the deists, they hold that God involves himself in human affairs. For a summary of the arguments that support theism, see GodGod,
divinity of the three great monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as many other world religions. See also religion and articles on individual religions. Names for God

In the Old Testament various names for God are used.
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.

Theism

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In the broadest sense, theism means a belief in God. The general implication, however, is that the belief is held in a conscious and rational manner; hence theism is usually applied only to a system of beliefs that has some claim to be regarded as a philosophy. Wiccans are considered polytheists, believing in more than one god. They might also be regarded as pantheists, believing that the divine is in all of Nature.

Theism is the direct antithesis of atheism, which is a denial of the existence of a god. Theism is also distinguished from deism, a belief held by a group of eighteenth-century writers on natural religion who thought of god and the world as being quite separate and distinct.

Theism

 

a religious world view proceeding from an understanding of absolute being as an infinite divine person who is transcendent to the world and who created the world in a free act of will and continues to control it. (In orthodox Christianity, god is understood as a “trinity” of three such persons.)

Acceptance of the transcendancy of god distinguishes theism from pantheism. In theism, god is conceived as the source of the being of all things yet is separate from all things. (Catholic theology, however, postulates an “analogy of being” between the being of god and the being of things.) Theism differs in this both from monistic mysticism, with its concept of the identity between god and the world, and the pantheistic concept of emanation, by which the world is described as naturally and necessarily emanating from the fullness of divine being. The acceptance of the continuing, conscious, active role of god in the world distinguishes theism from deism and accounts for the concepts of divine providence and the miracles that are characteristic of theism.

Theism developed in its purest form within the framework of three genetically linked religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The term “theism” was first used by the English philosopher R. Cudworth.

Marxism-Leninism’s critique of theism as a type of religious world view is based on the general principles of the critique of any form of religious consciousness. (SeeRELIGION.)

theism

1. the form of the belief in one God as the transcendent creator and ruler of the universe that does not necessarily entail further belief in divine revelation
2. the belief in the existence of a God or gods
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, the conclusion theists draw from the fine-tuning argument --which goes like this: Since the odds of a life-sustaining universe happening by chance are infinitesimally small, logic demands that the universe was made by an intelligent being with a plan--has received lots of criticism.
As it is well known, at least from Plato's Euthyphro and, in modern times, from Leibniz's Discourse on Metaphysics (Discours de metaphysique--1686), the theist position on moral values is inevitably confronted with a dilemma.
We do not believe that devout Christians, such as Jones and Tan, are weak theists in their religious or theological positions, but we do want to acknowledge the temptation to compartmentalize issues, such as God's current activity, for the sake of being a psychologist and a Christian.
Anyone who holds for a natural order to which man is accountable, theist or not, will recognize the force of Rist's trenchant criticism of contemporary moral theory and agree with him about the cultural malaise to which it leads.
In fairness, there remain two hypothetical figures in the wings, patiently waiting their turns--and their fates: the rational theist (RT) and the rational atheist (RA).
While clearly speculative--as, of course, befits issues within the metaphysics of theism--it clearly stands worthy of far more careful attention than has come its way thus far from analytically oriented philosophical theists.
This invites us to consider whether equally strong grounds might not be available to the theist.
But of course the theist may welcome this description, since God also presumably operates outside of time, when he creates time.
Concerning Scruton's enterprise, it is enough to show that the reductive materialist has not succeeded in refuting the theist.
2) Although the following remarks are in response to Attwood's interpretation of my essay, I hope that they have implications for the larger ongoing dialogue between Buddhists and theists over the nature of the self.
No one can "prove" his/her argument scientifically one way or another - whether theist, atheist, agonistic, or non-theist.
If only the adamant theist didn't have his religion