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theism

(thē`ĭzəm), in theology and philosophy, the belief in a personal God. It is opposed to atheism and agnosticism and is to be distinguished from pantheismpantheism
[Gr. pan=all, theos=God], name used to denote any system of belief or speculation that includes the teaching "God is all, and all is God." Pantheism, in other words, identifies the universe with God or God with the universe.
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 and deism (see deistsdeists
, term commonly applied to those thinkers in the 17th and 18th cent. who held that the course of nature sufficiently demonstrates the existence of God. For them formal religion was superfluous, and they scorned as spurious claims of supernatural revelation.
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). Unlike pantheists, theists do not hold God to be identical to the universe. Like deists, they believe that God created the universe and transcends it; unlike the deists, they hold that God involves himself in human affairs. For a summary of the arguments that support theism, see GodGod,
divinity of the three great monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as many other world religions. See also religion and articles on individual religions. Names for God

In the Old Testament various names for God are used.
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.

Theism

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In the broadest sense, theism means a belief in God. The general implication, however, is that the belief is held in a conscious and rational manner; hence theism is usually applied only to a system of beliefs that has some claim to be regarded as a philosophy. Wiccans are considered polytheists, believing in more than one god. They might also be regarded as pantheists, believing that the divine is in all of Nature.

Theism is the direct antithesis of atheism, which is a denial of the existence of a god. Theism is also distinguished from deism, a belief held by a group of eighteenth-century writers on natural religion who thought of god and the world as being quite separate and distinct.

Theism

 

a religious world view proceeding from an understanding of absolute being as an infinite divine person who is transcendent to the world and who created the world in a free act of will and continues to control it. (In orthodox Christianity, god is understood as a “trinity” of three such persons.)

Acceptance of the transcendancy of god distinguishes theism from pantheism. In theism, god is conceived as the source of the being of all things yet is separate from all things. (Catholic theology, however, postulates an “analogy of being” between the being of god and the being of things.) Theism differs in this both from monistic mysticism, with its concept of the identity between god and the world, and the pantheistic concept of emanation, by which the world is described as naturally and necessarily emanating from the fullness of divine being. The acceptance of the continuing, conscious, active role of god in the world distinguishes theism from deism and accounts for the concepts of divine providence and the miracles that are characteristic of theism.

Theism developed in its purest form within the framework of three genetically linked religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The term “theism” was first used by the English philosopher R. Cudworth.

Marxism-Leninism’s critique of theism as a type of religious world view is based on the general principles of the critique of any form of religious consciousness. (SeeRELIGION.)

theism

1. the form of the belief in one God as the transcendent creator and ruler of the universe that does not necessarily entail further belief in divine revelation
2. the belief in the existence of a God or gods
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, to assert that modern science simply strips us of any impulse beyond the material or mechanical and is thus hostile to human flourishing, dignity, thoughts, feelings, and desires is as uninformed, if not as dishonest, as asserting that theistic religion has brought only pain and suffering to humankind.
Mary Shelley's novel clearly engages the question of origins from scientific and theistic perspectives, but it does not embrace secular humanism nor celebrate a subversion of theistic creation in favor of scientific materialism.
Over the past couple of years, Collins has convened large closed-door meetings of evangelical Christian leaders to convince them to embrace theistic evolution," said Dr.
A root issue, then, and a primary focus of this article is the question: are the two interpretive frameworks of naturalism and theism compatible and thus combinable for some integrated form of theistic psychology?
Rather than maintaining a direct challenge to empirical laws, theistic evolution argues that we must step back and look at human knowledge as a whole.
Individuals engaged in a theistic coalition triangle would suggest God is on their side of the conflict, God will punish the other person, or they could imply that their own position is correct because it is what God wants.
It is created by societal manipulation and indoctrination by parents and theistic leaders.
SIR-After the recent bashing I took from atheist John Matthews and theistic evolutionist Dan Evans, (September 30 & October 1) I have now recovered sufficiently to attempt a reply.
An astutely reasoned philosophical text, offering a revolutionary analysis of theistic religion.
Alternatively, illumination can also involve, rather than a non-dualistic total effacement, a radical attenuation of the subject-object distinction, as in the experiences of a mystical union that are more prevalent in theistic traditions, in which the ultimate reality is a personal deity upon whom one is wholly dependent.
Some theists have inserted God into this process to develop a form of evolution which is often called theistic evolution.
Condon subscribed to theistic evolution, in which God supposedly chose to set in motion the evolutionary process to develop creatures until it culminated in mankind.