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Related to theorbo: Archlute, Chitarrone


(thēôr`bō), large lutelute,
musical instrument that has a half-pear-shaped body, a fretted neck, and a variable number of strings, which are plucked with the fingers. The long lute, with its neck much longer than its body, seems to have been older than the short lute, existing very early in the
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 of the baroque period. It had an extra set of bass strings, not stopped on a fingerboard as the regular set are but plucked as open strings. These made it more suitable for playing baroque music than was the lute. It originated in the late 16th cent. and survived until the end of the 18th cent. Its name was also spelled theorbe, theorboe, or tiorba.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a plucked musical instrument; a bass lute. Theorbos vary in the number of strings provided; in the 18th century, 12 paired and two single strings were used. The theorbo was used from the 16th to the 18th century to accompany vocal performances and as the bass instrument in ensembles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is with much interest that a music reader will learn how "Mersenne verified his observations 'very exactly more than a hundred times, on the viol and on a theorbo, as well as on two monochords'" (Pesic, 2014, p.
DiDonato, who looked like a Baroque rock star with her short, punk hairstyle and crimson Vivienne Westwood gown, was accompanied by Il Pomo d'Oro orchestra, a 16-member ensemble from Italy that plays period Baroque instruments including the harpsichord and theorbo, a type of lute.
The petit motets are intimate works that were usually for one, two, three, or, rarely, four voices (male, female, or mixed) with accompaniment of two violins, keyboard, and a bass stringed instrument like a cello, viola da gamba, and often a flute, theorbo or oboc.
A theorbo is an obselete form of which musical instrument?
I spied a harpsichord nestling in the pit and there was also a Theorbo (a base Lute, apparently).
In 1707, for example, the coro was made up of thirteen active vocalists, (five sopranos, four contraltos, three tenors, and a bass), and sixteen instrumentalists (five first-violinists, two violists, four cellists, one doublebass player, one theorbo (16) and three organists) (Baldauf-Berdes 236).
By the Baroque period it had developed larger and larger variants, which culminated in the sitar-like theorbo. Recorders were designed in sets from small to large, as were viols.
of this instance for teaching mi Ladi Bayning to singe xl s' and purchased 'A Theorbo for Mr Willson to play with nan as she singes.
Of particular interest is Batschmann's discussion of images of artists as musicians, from the famous group of music-making Venetian painters found in Veronese's Marriage Feast at Cana to a lesser-known engraving by Domenico Gandini, an example of nineteenth-century historicism that depicts Albrecht Duter in the company of Giorgione, who plucks a theorbo. Ut pictura musica, a theme found in Vasati's biographies of the purportedly music-loving Giorgione and Leonardo, may have also informed Bellini's music-making angels who, according to the author, may at once represent Bellini's translation of "acoustic phenomena in visual terms" (190) and allude to the artist's own identity as a composer of color rones.
The accompanying ensemble consisted of Suzanne Stumpf, traverso (forerunner of the flute); Christina Day Martinson and Hilary Walther Cumming, violins; Daniel Ryan, cello; Olav Chris Henriksen, Baroque guitar and theorbo, Nancy Hurrell, Spanish harp, and Michael Bahmann, harpsichord.
The group, led by Merseyside-born violinist Adrian Chandler, comprised cellist Gareth Deats, harpsichordist Joseph McHardy and theorbo player Eligio Quinteiro.