theory change

theory change

(artificial intelligence)
The study of methods used to incorporate new information into a knowledge base when the new information may conflict with existing information.

Belief revision is one area of theory change.

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
This account both remains grounded in the actual practice of scientific communities and yields laws resilient to theory change.
Roy: So, the first question, how does organizational theory change, and here I am speaking very specifically of the Academy of Management, OMT division, and the problem with it is it has become a mono-theoretical perspective.
Busch observes that the theory of quaternions and the theory of infinitesimals contributed to the success of scientific theories, but that they have been unstable across theory change. They were "applied at one time in successful scientific theories and then effectively replaced, yet later applied in other successful theories" (Busch, 2011: 315).
The topics include patterns in physical and biological systems, the methodological challenges of complex systems, a unifying approach to high-level and low-level cognition, considering criteria for model modification and theory change in psychology, and climate science as a case of modeling complexity.
Thus, boomers' politics could in theory change again in the years ahead, making predictions difficult.
Philosophers of science should use the social sciences to understand the type of social change involved in theory change. KESE discusses empirical research on older scientists who create new theories and are not resistant to theory change.
The central questions addressed in this paper are what I call the two dogmas of structural realism: the idea that there is structure retention across theory change, and the idea that theoretical structures describe the world.
Topics include algorithmic solutions associated with generating and judging consolation arguments, exchange of information associated with argumentation differences, tools for computational argumentation, arguments in programming, measures for persuasion dialogs in preliminary investigations, ontological foundations for scholarly debate mapping technology, formal dialogue games, the computational complexity of ideal semantics, requirements for reflective argument visualization tools, hybrid argumentation and its properties, preferences dialogs, critical questions for decision making processes, argument theory change in revisions, argument interchange formats, arguments from experience, and models of judicial context in argumentation frameworks.
Probably the most influential theory change was induced by Dr.
In a general setting, the logic of theory change analyses the problem of how to restructure a body of knowledge whenever new knowledge is added or some other updating is performed.
The second portion of the volume, "Indeterminacy and Factual Defectiveness," opens with another well-known work from the 1970s, "Theory Change and the Indeterminacy of Reference." In case any reader is unfamiliar with the paper, it is the source for the following much-discussed puzzle: What was Newton referring to when he used the word 'mass'?

Full browser ?