thermal ecology

Thermal ecology

The examination of the independent and interactive biotic and abiotic components of naturally heated environments. Geothermal habitats are present from sea level to the tops of volcanoes and occur as fumaroles, geysers, and hot springs. Hot springs typically possess source pools with overflow, or thermal, streams (rheotherms) or without such streams (limnotherms). Hot spring habitats have existed since life began on Earth, permitting the gradual introduction and evolution of species and communities adapted to each other and to high temperatures. Other geothermal habitats do not have distinct communities.

Hot-spring pools and streams, typified by temperatures higher than the mean annual temperature of the air at the same locality and by benthic mats of various colors, are found on all continents except Antarctica. They are located in regions of geologic activity where meteoric water circulates deep enough to become heated. The greatest densities occur in Yellowstone National Park (Northwest United States), Iceland, and New Zealand. Source waters range from 40°C (104°F) to boiling (around 100°C or 212°F depending on elevation), and may even be superheated at the point of emergence. Few hot springs have pH 5–6; most are either acidic (pH 2–4) or alkaline (pH 7–9).

thermal ecology

[′thər·məl i′käl·ə·jē]
(ecology)
Study of the independent and interactive biotic and abiotic components of naturally heated environments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hibernal thermal ecology of eastern box turtles within a managed forest landscape.--J.
Among terrestrial invertebrates, ants represent an ideal group to investigate the link between thermal ecology and climate warming (Del Toro et al., 2015), as they are relatively easy to collect, house, and identify.
Latitudinal variation in thermal ecology of North American rat snakes and its implications for the effect of climate warming on snakes.
Thermal ecology, activity patterns, and microhabitat use by two sympatric whiptail lizards (Cnemidophorus abaetensis and C.
The second part discusses an assortment of topics, including symbiogenesis, cognitive ecology, genetic draft, genomic conflict, avian evolutionary genomics, elevational gradients, cytonuclear genomic interactions, molecular phylogenetics of Australian flora, introgression of crop alleles, facilitation, assisted gene flow, the genus Spartina, diversification on islands, mate choice, thermal ecology, diversity and competition, ecosystem collapse in the face of climate change, conservation biology, forest lepidoptera, biomass distribution of forests, and symbiont transmission.
Thermal Ecology. Technical Information Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
Thermal ecology of Microlophus occipitalis (Sauria: Tropiduridae) in the Plain Dry Forest of Tumbes, Peru
"It comprises of renowned academicians, scientists, doctors and engineers specializing in areas like environmental science, radiation safety, nuclear reactor design, nuclear reactor safety, nuclear regulatory aspects, nuclear waste management, oncology, oceanography, fisheries, thermal ecology, seismology etc," the statement added.