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(1) A thermoelectric
device is a device which converts thermal energy directly into electricity and vice versa.
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In order to improve the thermoelectric performance of [Bi.sub.2][Te.sub.3]-based thermoelectric materials, another effective way is to incorporate semimetal into the base thermoelectric materials.
The research on low-dimension and doping modification of semiconductor thermoelectric materials has promoted the development of semiconductor preparation technology.
The currently popular semiconductor thermoelectric materials are prepared by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), pulsed laser deposition technology (PLD), alloying technology, hydrothermal synthesis, sputtering deposition, flash evaporation, electrochemical preparation, laser cladding, magnetron sputtering (MS), high-pressure inert gas atomization (HP-GA), and metal organic vapor deposition (MOCVD) .