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Related to thermosets: Elastomers
thermosets, materials that can not be softened on heating. In thermosetting polymers, the polymer chains are joined (or cross-linked) by intermolecular bonding. Thermosets are usually supplied as partially polymerized or as monomer-polymer mixtures. Cross-linking is achieved during fabrication using chemicals, heat, or radiation; this process is called curing or vulcanization. Important thermosets include phenolics, ureas, melamines, epoxies, polyesters, silicones, rubbers, and polyurethanes.
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Polymeric materials that usually have a crosslinked network. They are formed into a permanent shape and are cured (set) by a chemical reaction that may require heat and pressure. Thermoset polymers are typically insoluble, and cannot be remelted or reformed into another shape after curing. Also known as thermosetting resin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.