Heritability estimates for leg traits ranged from 0.04 to 0.94, except for thigh circumference
which was least heritable (0.04).
Pain decreased significantly with OKCE and a significant functional improvement with an increase in the thigh circumference
was observed in all patients.
The following measurements were taken: upper arm circumference (cm), flexed upper arm circumference (cm), forearm circumference (cm), thigh circumference
(cm), mid-thigh circumference (cm), calf circumference (cm), shoulder width (cm), pelvic width (cm), elbow diameter (cm), wrist diameter (cm), knee diameter (cm), ankle diameter (cm), sub scapular skin fold (mm), triceps skin fold (mm), biceps skin fold (mm), forearm skin fold (mm), abdomen skin fold (mm), chest skin fold (mm), supraspinale skin fold (mm), thigh skin fold (mm), and calf skin fold (mm).
Their waistline, hip circumference, thigh circumference
, and calf circumference were also measured by the measuring tape in this way.
Subject's anthropometric variables Variable Data Variable Data Femur length (cm) 47 Wrist circumference (cm) 17 Calf length (cm) 41 Elbow circumference (cm) 26.5 Leg length (cm) 85 Chest circumference (cm) 94 ARM SPAN (cm) 160 Waist circumference (cm) 77 Elbow length (cm) 26 Thigh circumference
(cm) 52 Hand palm (cm) 18.5 Hip circumference (cm) 87.5 Arm length (cm) 69.5 Calf circumference (cm) 38 Sole of foot (cm) 26 Shoulder width (cm) 17 Arm circumference (cm) 35 Chest width (cm) 11 Table 2.
"His thigh circumference
is reportedly 62cm, which is huge for a footballer considering Chris Hoy measures in at 68cm.
To assess the precision/variability of individual measures of weight, BMI, fat mass, and waist and thigh circumferences
and to exclude this as a significant complicating factor, a random sample of individuals (n = 12) from group 1 were subjected to three to five repeat measures of these parameters at the same time by different operators, and the standard deviations were calculated: repeat measure SDs were weight 0.032 kg (0.046%), BMI 0.002 units (0.111%), waist circumference 0.76 cm (0.9%), and thigh circumference
0.79 cm (1.470%); all with the exception of thigh circumference
were smaller than the changes observed following the procedure, validating statistical analysis.
Moreover, the thigh circumference
(TC) or waist-to-thigh ratio is reported to be associated with T2DM [16-18], and low subcutaneous thigh fat has been documented as a risk factor for hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia .
The final model explained 40.6% of variance in chemerin serum levels and included the following variables as the most important predictors (from most to least important): thigh circumference
, SAT, fibrinogen, hip circumference, and red blood cells (RBC), while other independent variables were excluded from the final model (Table 2).
(2004): carcass external length; rump width; rump circumference; thigh circumference
; chest circumference; chest width.
Evaluation of leanness, especially muscle development of lower extremity (thigh circumference
corrected with regard to skinfold, fat thickness), reveals secular decrease characterizing the impact of the reduction of physical activity level generally, due to changes of lifestyle since the beginning of life.