Tholos

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Tholos

Domed building with a circular plan, such as the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tholos

 

(also tholus), a round, usually monumental ritual structure, such as a sepulcher or temple. From the 16th to the 12th centuries B.C., tholi were built in Crete, in Greece (for example, the tholos in Epidaurus; 360–330 B.C., architect Polycleitus the Younger), in Delphi (early fourth century B.C., architect Theodorus of Phocaea), and on the western coast of Asia Minor.

The most impressive tholi, which measure as much as 14 m in height and 14 m in diameter and date from the 14th century B.C., were discovered in Mycenae. In Thessaly and Crete, such structures were built as late as the eighth century B.C. Tholi built under burial mounds in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C. have been found in Etruria, and examples from the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. were discovered in Thrace. The examples in Thrace are similar to the crypts of the Zolotoi (Golden) Barrow and the Tsarskii (Royal) Barrow, structures of the fourth century B.C. near Kerch’.

REFERENCE

Dinsmoor, W. B. The Architecture of Ancient Greece. London [and others], 1950. Pages 224–36.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tholos

tholos, 1 at Epidaurus, plan
1. In Greek architecture, any round building.
2. The corbeled, domed tombs of the Mycenaean period.
3. A domed rotunda.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It includes Mycenaean primary burials and deposits labeled "secondary burials" from three sites with two tomb types: chamber tombs and tholoi (Table 3).
Thirty chamber tombs cover the hill; many are located in clusters next to the tumuli and the site's two tholoi (Kolonas 2009:34-35).
The locations of some of these tholoi are worth noting.
At Perdigoes, the outer ditch was constructed in such a way to include a couple of pre-existing tholoi in the enclosed area, even if that meant a deviation from a more properly circular layout (Valera et al., 2014: 20-21).
(46.) For Mycenaean tholoi, see Lawrence, Greek Architecture, chap.
(47.) For the Minoan burial structures and their differences from Mycenaean tholoi, see ibid., 32-34, 41, 66, 78, 86; figs.
(77) Furthermore, the little Mycenaean evidence that can be considered reliable as an indication of communal rites practiced near tombs comes from inside single funerary complexes and tombs, that is, in the dromoi and near the stomia of the tholoi and inside the tumuli and funerary enclosures.
Levels VI-XI predate TT 10 and are subdivided as follows: level VI (layers 11-13), level VII (layers 14-16), levels VIII-XI (tholoi area only, layers not numbered) and l ayers 17-42 (outlying area).
En el area de Barcarrota se ha senalado la existencia al menos de dos posibles tholoi: la Mata y la Pestana (Fig.
In the exposure of eight hundred square meters were eight rectilinear multi-room buildings, four circular structures ("tholoi"), and ovens.
Wright de voir dans les plus grandes tholoi de Khirokitia des lieux reserves a des rites sacres lies a la reproduction de la vie de la communaute au Neolithique; la decouverte d'E.