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a genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. The plants are grasses, more rarely bushes and trees. The blossoms are large and pentagonal; the corolla is a hornlike funnel. There are more than ten species, primarily in the tropics and subtropics.

Common Datura (D. stramonium), or thorn apple, is found in the USSR. It is an annual plant growing to 1.2 m, with scaly, indented, lobed leaves. The blossoms are single and white. The fruit is a pod, covered with sharp spikes. It grows as a weed along the edges of pastures, in refuse areas, and the like. It is also found along the banks of rivers and streams in the southern half of the European part of the USSR, in the Caucasus, Western Siberia and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for medicinal purposes in Krasnoiarsk Krai, southern Ukraine. All parts of the plant contain poisonous alkaloids (hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and atropine). The dried leaves are used in compounding asthmatine and asthmatol, preparations for treating bronchial asthma.

Harmless, or Indian, Datura (D. innoxia) is cultivated in the southern regions of the USSR. It is originally from Central and South America. D. metel, from southern Asia, is also cultivated; its unripened fruits contain scopolamine. Certain annual varieties (D. fastuosa, D. humilis) are raised in gardens, while perennials (D. arborea, D. sanguinea) are grown in outdoor gardens and in rooms as decoratives.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


References in periodicals archive ?
The warnings came as US agriculture department officials effectively shut down Thorn Apple Valley's factory in Forrest City, Arkansas, because it did not comply with sanitation requirements.
Thorn Apple Valley produces bacon, hot dogs, lunch meats, hams and sausage and manages national brand names such as Thorn Apple Valley(R), Corn King(R), Colonial(R), Wilson Certified(R) and Cavanaugh Lake View Farms(R).
In response to the problems presented by the national listeria recall that has impacted the entire industry, Thorn Apple Valley has undertaken an extensive program through Kansas State University to assure that Thorn Apple Valley has the most comprehensive food safety program in the world.
On April 13, the USDA issued a broad statement that Thorn Apple products were unfit for human consumption.
When the Russian currency collapsed, Thorn Apple Valley was left without a customer for 1.
Thorn Apple Valley recorded a second- quarter operating loss before income taxes and discontinued operations of $9.
Nasdaq:FBAI), today announced that it has completed the previously announced sale of the assets of its Retail Division to Thorn Apple Valley, Inc.
1999 -- Thorn Apple Valley recalls 30 million pounds of hot dogs and luncheon kits due to possible Listeria contamination;
The center also will focus on assessing the risk of listeria, which has been linked to the recent record 30-million pound recall of hot dogs and deli meats produced by Thorn Apple Valley, Southfield, Mich.
In a recent announcement, Foodbrands America stated that it has signed a letter of intent to sell its Retail Division to Thorn Apple Valley, Inc.
SOUTHFIELD) Thorn Apple Valley Announces Correction To 1Q99 Release;
Nasdaq:FBAI), today announced that it has signed a definitive agreement to sell the assets of its Retail Division to Thorn Apple Valley, Inc.