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Related to thoroughbred: thoroughbred racing


a pedigree animal; purebred
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the fastest breed of horse in the world. The Thoroughbred was developed in Great Britain in the late 17th and early 18th centuries by crossing local breeds with Oriental breeds (the Barb, Turk, Arabian, and Turkmen) and European breeds (Neapolitan and Spanish). It has been improved strictly through pure breeding. The Thoroughbred is bred for speed and efficiency on racetracks. In the late 18th century the breed was imported by many countries, including Russia. In the USSR, it is one of the main breeds used in improving saddle horses.

The Thoroughbred is a large horse with a harmonious conformation. The head is delicate, the withers are high and long, the back is relatively short, and the legs are slender, with well-defined tendons. The coat is chestnut, bay, roan, black, or gray. The average measurements are as follows: height at the withers, 161 to 162 cm; chest circumference, 182 to 186 cm; and circumference of the front cannon bone, 19 to 20 cm. Thoroughbreds are used for sport and to improve saddle-horse breeds, including the Trakehner, Hanoverian, Budennyi, and Kustanai breeds. The world record for 1,200 m is 1 min 07.4 sec; for 2,400 m, 2 min 23 sec; and for 3,200 m, 3 min 19 sec. The countries of Europe and the USA have the greatest number of Thoroughbreds. In the USSR, Thoroughbreds are raised in stud farms in the RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Georgian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Kirghiz SSR, and Kazakh SSR. A continuous exchange between countries of purebreds is conducted to improve the breed. The USSR imports sires from Great Britain, France, and the USA and exports its horses to Italy, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Poland.


Kniga o loshadi, vol. 1. Compiled under the direction of S. M. Budennyi. Moscow, 1952.
Vitt, V. O. Praktika i teoriia chistokrovnogo konnozavodstva. Moscow, 1957.
Konnozavodstvo i konnyi sport. Edited by Iu. N. Barmintsev. [Moscow] 1972.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Presently, there are four major carriers that provide insurance for thoroughbreds: Lloyd's of London, Swiss Re, Great American Insurance Co., and XL Capital.
LEG POWER: Thoroughbreds are taller than most other horse breeds, Their long legs help them sprint with lengthy strides.
RSPCA inspector Nayman Dunderdale said: "I am disappointed that the ban imposed on the defendants was for thoroughbred horses only, as I know they both own other horses and this is of great concern.
On the basis of disease assessments [Infection Type (IT), 0 = immune to 4 = highly susceptible] of seedlings conducted in greenhouse tests from 1999 to 2002, Thoroughbred is resistant (IT = 1) to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O.
Asked what one of the foals looks like at birth, he added: "If it's a thoroughbred from a pony, it's a sort of a slightly daddy-long-legs type of appearance.
Since it is possible for a thoroughbred horse owner to lose money, the "hobby loss provisions" of Internal Revenue Code section 183 need to be considered.
Weatherbys has already started preparing for a post-Brexit landscape, as Craven added: "The possible impacts of Brexit mean we have been spending a considerable amount of time working on our IT systems and processes in preparation for managing the tracking and movement of thoroughbreds post-Brexit.
What made the meetings unique was the extraordinary power show of home thoroughbreds unparalleled in the history of the Lahore Race Club (LRC) which added glamour and glory to the equine sports and had helped open new vistas of thoroughbred breeding in the country.
Buscar Company is engaged in the buying, selling and racing of elite thoroughbreds, with a focus in acquiring thoroughbreds that can race in the allowance and stakes level of thoroughbred racing.
Oshkosh, WI, November 22, 2015 --( Thoroughbred breeders can get a head start on planning their matings by reading 2016 Thoroughbred Stallions at Stud: a new blog series by Grade 1 Promotions Equine Marketing.