Threshing Floor

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Threshing Floor


an outdoor or enclosed floor with equipment and machinery for the threshing of crops, such as grains, flax, and clover, and for the postharvest processing of grain.

On Soviet kolkhozes and sovkhozes with a harvesting area of 800–1,000 hectares, the threshing floors are 70–80 m long and 45–60 m wide. For natural drying of grain, three or four sloped strips 50–60 m long and 12–15 m wide are created for the drainage of rainwater. On some farms the threshing floor is made of cement. A barn or sheds may be built for temporary grain storage; such buildings contain fire-fighting equipment.

On threshing floors, crops are threshed and grain is processed, using various methods that range from the most primitive—in countries with backward farming—to the most modern, which involves highly efficient machinery (seeGRAIN CLEANING AND DRYING STATION).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

threshing floor

The section of a barn where wheat is separated from the chaff and also where hay is stored. In some early barns, the threshing process took up an entire floor.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
At harvesting time in Budia, the public threshing floors came to life on the esplanade by the seventeenth-century Carmelite Convent, vacated and stripped of valuable possessions like most others nation-wide in the 1930s, but still holding the town's graveyard.
His collections of short stories include Al-Marahil (1933; "The Stages"), Kana ma kana (1937; "Once Upon a Time"), and Al-Bayadir (1945; "The Threshing Floors").
The longer a mature crop is left in the field or on the threshing floor, the higher will be the losses from natural calamities including fire, birds, and rodents.