thromboxane


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thromboxane

[‚thräm′bäk‚sān]
(biochemistry)
Any member of a group of 20-carbon fatty acids related to the prostaglandins and derived mainly from arachidonic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Platelet activation is measurable by quantifying thromboxanes, platelet factor 4, and thrombomodulin (TM).
1985) Isolation and characterization of thromboxane synthase from human platelets as a cytochrome P-450 enzyme.
14, 2017, issue of Journal of the American College of Cardiology, the enteric-coated aspirin failed to completely inhibit thromboxane in 53 percent of patients, presumably because it was poorly absorbed.
The meta-analysis uncovered a significant association between omega-3 supplementation in reduction in thromboxane B2 in the blood of participants at high risk of cardiovascular disease and in leukotriene B4 in the neutrophils of unhealthy subjects.
Oh-ishi, Concordant induction of prostaglandin E2 synthase with cyclooxygenase-2 leads to preferred production of prostaglandin E2 over thromboxane and prostaglandin D2 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated rat peritoneal macrophages, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communication, 230(1), 110-114 (1997).
One proposal was the prescription of acetylsalicylic acid in low doses (75-100 mg/day) to reduce inflammation and improve the balance between thromboxane A2/ prostacyclin.
Their activation by thromboxane is crucial for thrombus formation but this can lead to myocardial infarction or stroke.
Biomarkers analysed from both urine and plasma samples included cortisol (also analysed from saliva), substance P (SUBP), leukotriene B4 (LTB4), thromboxane B2 (Tbx-B2) and midkine.
In contrast to the traditional notion of "resistance" as an inherent or acquired defense or chemical blockage of a drug, whether by a microbe or the host, aspirin resistance may be either a laboratory-defined lack of inhibition of thromboxane A2, or a clinically defined entity.
The product is an active thromboxane receptor antagonist, to treat aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease.
Even a single meal high in fat and cholesterol may cause the body to release a hormone, thromboxane, which causes the arteries to constrict and the blood to clot fasterone reason heart patients often get chest pains after eating a fatty meal," Ornish said.