throw

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throw

1. an act or result of throwing dice
2. 
a. the eccentricity of a cam
b. the radial distance between the central axis of a crankshaft and the axis of a crankpin forming part of the shaft
3. a sheet of fabric used for draping over an easel or unfinished painting, etc., to keep the dust off
4. Geology the vertical displacement of rock strata at a fault
5. Physics the deflection of a measuring instrument as a result of a sudden fluctuation

throw

[thrō]
(engineering)
The scattering of fragments in a blasting operation.
(geology)
The vertical component of dip separation on a fault, or generally the amount of vertical displacement on any fault.
(mechanical engineering)
The maximum diameter of the circle moved by a rotary part.
(computer science)

throw

1. The horizontal or vertical axial distance an airstream travels after leaving an air outlet to the point where the airstream velocity is reduced to a specific value; also called blow.
2. The effective distance between a lighting fixture and the area being lighted.
3. The maximum distance that a bolt projects when it is fully extended.
References in periodicals archive ?
It starts with flexibility and freedom, the desire to throw off authority and live autonomously.
But in order to cast off the blinders that hamstrung humanity throughout the Dark Ages, great men like Galileo, Gutenberg, and Magellan not only had to throw off the weight of the Past, but had to teach future generations to also throw off the weight of the Past, even though the Past now included great men like them.
After a news segment on his "700 Club" program about school districts posting the Ten Commandments, Robertson railed against the Supreme Court's church-state separation rulings and told viewers to "throw off the shackles off this dictatorship that's been imposed on us."
Duncan's tangible achievements are no less singular now than in the turbulent period in which she lived: a dedication to educating children (albeit in her own image); an inspiration to young women to throw off the societal constraints that inhibited their gender; and a personal magnetism that attracted other artists intent on transforming the worn-out notions of the academies.
(The address is cloaked to throw off would-be marauders.) Heard takes in the giant boxes of Tampons, the 40 bunk beds, the stockpiles of canned goods, the escape hatch.
Healthy societies do not throw off a constant succession of new groups.
Berlin's development since re-unification has allowed Germany to throw off the sackcloth and ashes of 50 years and catch up with the pomposity of other European capitals.
Broker Roberto Ortiz of Lee Odell, who brought Kalimian to the deal, says the 86th Street properties, which have active retail tenants as well as mostly vacant apartments, could throw off a bit over $2 million in cash-flow, even if just gut rehabbed.
Susan - trying to throw off her image as dowdy Michelle Fowler after quitting the show earlier this year - also threw off her top in a determined effort to acquire an autumn tan in their Tuscany hideaway.