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thrush,bird, common name for members of the Turdidae, a large family of birds found in most parts of the world and noted for their beautiful song. The majority are modestly colored, with spotted underparts, in either the young or the adult stage, although some have bright plumage. Among these are the American robin, Turdus migratorius, largest of the thrushes, and the Eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis, bright blue with a red breast. Other thrushes found in North America are the wood, olive-backed, and gray-cheeked thrushes, the solitaire, and the veery, or Wilson's, thrush. The hermit thrush, a shy forest dweller, is the finest singer. The European "blackbird," the nightingale, the missel thrush, the stonechat, and the wheatear are thrushes. Thrushes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information. , subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Turdidae.
thrush,in medicine, infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans, manifested by white, slightly raised patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, mouth, and throat. The mucous membrane beneath the patches is usually raw and bleeding. The overgrowth of this fungus results when the balance in the normal oral microbe population is disturbed by antibiotic therapy or disease. It occurs most frequently in infants, in adults suffering from chronic illnesses, in the debilitated, in the immunosuppressed, and in individuals on long-term antibiotic, corticosteroid, or antineoplastic therapy. It is often an early symptom of AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
..... Click the link for more information. . Treatment is with antifungal drugs, such as clotrimazole and nystatin. See also candidiasiscandidiasis
, infection caused by fungi of the genus Candida; also called moniliasis after a former name of the genus. The most common forms of candidiasis, caused by C.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a disease of the mucous membrane (mainly of the oral cavity) caused by yeastlike fungi that are normal inhabitants of the mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract. Thrush is a form of candidiasis. The disease primarily affects infants; in adults it accompanies chronic illnesses that are characterized by emaciation (dysentery, typhuses). Thrush is manifested by milky white deposits in the mouth, which gradually increase in size and merge, resembling the remains of milk. When the deposits are removed, redness or bleeding occurs. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline solutions, application of a 5 percent solution of iodine, and vitamin therapy. Antibiotic 26/1 (Levorin) and iodine preparations may be used internally.