thylacine


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thylacine

(thī`ləsīn') or

Tasmanian wolf,

carnivorous marsupialmarsupial
, member of the order Marsupialia, or pouched mammals. With the exception of the New World opossums and an obscure S American family (Caenolestidae), marsupials are now found only in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, and a few adjacent islands.
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, or pouched mammal, of New Guinea, Australia, and Tasmania, presumed extinct since 1936. The thylacine is often cited as an example of convergent evolution: It was superficially quite similar to a wolf or dog, although it had evolved entirely independently of these animals. About the size of a collie, it had a long tail and a wolflike head with short ears; its large jaws were relatively weak. Its coat was brownish with a series of black stripes across the back, and it was also known as the Tasmanian tiger. A nocturnal hunter, the thylacine probably preyed on small animals. The female gave birth to very undeveloped young, which were then carried in a pouch surrounding the teats. By the time of European settlement, thylacines had become extinct or nearly so everywhere except Tasmania, and there they were aggressively hunted because of their reputed attacks on sheep and poultry; its jaws, however, make it unlikely that it could have easily killed sheep. Habitat loss, the introduction of dogs, and other factors also probably contributed to their extinction. The last known thylacine died in captivity in the Hobart Zoo in 1936; reported sightings since then in Australia and Tasmania are unconfirmed. Thylacines are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Marsupialia, family Dasyuridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
The result is a clearly written, well produced and richly illustrated survey of representations of the thylacine.
Lumped together in the media and popular imagination with the Quagga Project, but antithetical in its discourse and purported methods, was an ambitious scheme known as the Thylacine Project.
In the case of Dying Breed, Pearce's descendants are portrayed as cannibal hillbillies living in the wilds of contemporary Tasmania, sustaining themselves by eating naive mainlanders who travel to Tasmania in search of the thylacine. But the film also taps into popular Gothic images of Tasmania as a place of inbred, two-headed grotesques via its numerous references to convict throwbacks and limited gene pools, and its intertextual allusions to notable American grotesque film Deliverance (John Boorman, 1972).
Some pictures of the Thylacine can be considered to be a little on the scary side--but slightly older children could still both enjoy it for its dramatic story and expressive pictures.
Thylacines were top predators that once ranged across Australia and New Guinea but were found only in Tasmania by the time of European settlement.
Tasmania's other famous carnivore, the thylacine or Tasmanian tiger, went extinct in the 1930s.
The sale includes production licences for the Thylacine and Geographe fields and adjacent exploration permits, as well as offshore production facilities, pipelines and an onshore gas processing plant, Origin said in a separate statement.
In the March/April 2006 issue, someone said we shouldn't clone the Thylacine or Tasmanian Tiger, and that we should think about other animals that are alive.
I have seen mounted specimens and preserved skins of the Bali Tiger, the Tarpan, and the Thylacine. I have observed trophy heads of the Barbary Lion, the Blue Buck, and the Quagga.
The burgeoning field of "museomics"--using improved methods for sampling DNA combined with the latest sequencing technology to analyze preserved museum samples--has set to work on studying the thylacine, or Tasmanian Tiger, reports a team of international researchers that includes scientists from Penn State and Texas A&M universities.
The Tasmanian devil became Australia's largest remaining marsupial carnivore after the extinction of its distant cousin, the thylacine or Tasmanian tiger, last century.
Many are regarded as images of the thylacine, an animal that disappeared from mainland Australia some 3000-4000 years ago.