Synthetic aperture sonar, tidal constituent
& residual interpolation, conductivity temperature depth as well as the MEMS-based inertial systems for hydrography are some of the new technologies that are being used to carry out hydrographic surveys.
[A.sup.T.sub.j,k]--the theoretical amplitude of a tidal constituent
k inside of the group j;
Another alternative explanation for the summer larval immigration is that larvae may take advantage of a distinct annual tidal cycle produced in summer every year as a result of the interaction of the periods of the diel vertical migration and the tidal constituent
([S.sub.2], [K.sub.1]) with the annual cycle of the length of the night (Criales et al., 2005).
[[alpha].sup.T.sub.i,j,k]--the argument of instant [t.sub.i] of a tidal constituent
For most locations (ports) along the Canadian sea coast, the [M.sub.2] tidal constituent
Finally the high-frequency component HFC is split into the tidal constituent
TID and non-tidal high-frequency residuals HFR.
Based on the harmonic analysis and number of tidal constituents
, Table II shows the RMSE, R and SKI values for various numbers of tidal constituents
The tidal elevation at the open boundaries was specified for the five major contributors to tidal variation (known as tidal constituents
[M.sub.2], [N.sub.2], [S.sub.2], [K.sub.1], [O.sub.1]).
Sea levels on the boundaries were also taken from ACOM output, with the addition of tidal constituents
derived from tide gauge observations around the Cape Cuvier and Bonaparte Archipelago areas in combination with global tidal model estimates along the offshore boundaries (Eanes & Bettadpur 1995).
Upon analysis, the observed tides are broken down into a large number of cosine curves, so-called tidal constituents
, each representing the influence of a particular tidal influence or characteristic of the local tide.