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common name for a superior and brilliantly colored food fish of temperate and tropical waters, marked by fleshy flaps on the top of the head and at the corners of the mouth. It is a bottom feeder reaching 3 ft (91 cm) in length and 35 lb (15.8 kg) in weight. Since it thrives only at depths of 50 to 100 fathoms (300–600 ft/91–182 m) and temperatures of about 50°F; (10°C;), it is thought that the curious and dramatic fluctuations in its abundance are caused by shifting currents of varying temperatures. The common Atlantic tilefish is the great northern tilefish, or golden tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps, the largest tilefish. Tilefishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Malacanthidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
most Serranidae, the tautog, the blueline tilefish, and the deepbody boarfish) exhibited more restricted distributions and tighter association with reefs.
Caption: Some New York shoppers were sold tilefish, which can be high in mercury, instead of the safer species they thought they were buying.
Food and Drug Administration has warned pregnant women, nursing mothers, and young children to avoid eating certain species such as swordfish, shark, tilefish, tuna, and king mackerel which routinely contain higher levels of mercury.
She says canned tuna can contain mercury levels as high as shark, swordfish, tilefish, king mackerel and other fish widely believed to be harmful enough to be on the do-not-eat list for pregnant women.
Avoid canned white or albacore tuna, mackerel, shark, swordfish, tuna steaks and tilefish.
Despite the current concerns over mercury contamination in fish, the NOAA statement advises: "Women will not put their baby at risk if they avoid eating shark, swordfish, tilefish, king mackerel, tuna steaks and whale meat until after they have delivered and stopped breast feeding.
Actually, according to information recently published by the Natural Resources Defense Council, the fish with the highest levels of mercury, and which should be avoided, include tilefish, swordfish, shark and king mackerel.
Do not eat shark, swordfish, king mackerel, or tilefish because they contain high levels of mercury.
Large fish (shark, swordfish, tilefish, king mackerel), which have high levels of mercury.
They advised pregnant women to avoid shark, swordfish, king mackerel and tilefish, which are relatively high on the food chain and have greater accumulation of pollutants.