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name for a palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
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 (Phoenix dactylifera) and for its edible fruit. Probably native to Arabia and North Africa, it has from earliest times been a principal food in many desert and tropical regions. For some 4,000 years it has been grown near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is cultivated in many other warm regions, including parts of the SW United States and Mexico.

The trees sometimes reach a height of 100 ft (30.5 m) and yield fruit for generations. Staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers are borne on separate trees, and pollination of those grown commercially is usually done by hand. Seedless dates may be produced without pollination but they are inferior. Heavy, pendant clusters of the sweet, nutritious fruits are produced; the yield after maturity (10 to 15 years) is usually from 100 to 200 lb (45–90 kg) or more per tree annually. Each fruit is 1 to 3 in. (2.54–7.6 cm) long, reddish brown or yellowish brown, and somewhat cylindrical or oblong. When ripe, the bunches of fruit are cut intact from the palm and matured in a warm place.

In the Old World, a sugar and a fermented drink are made from the sap of the date palm and other species of Phoenix, and the seeds are sometimes roasted and used as a coffee substitute or pressed for oil, leaving a residue useful for stock feed. The wood of the trunk is often used in construction and the leaves are used for weaving mats and baskets.

Dates are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the fruit of the date palm. Dates are eaten fresh or dried and are used to make various dishes. They are a major food in the Arabic countries, where no fewer than 100 dishes are made from them. They contain 62–71 percent sugar, 1–2.5 percent protein, and 2.5 percent fat. Depending on the variety of date palm, the fruits dry out slightly or remain soft.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(convention, data)
A string unique to a time duration of 24 hours between 2 successive midnights defined by the local time zone. The specific representation of a date will depend on which calendar convention is in force; e.g., Gregorian, Islamic, Japanese, Chinese, Hebrew etc. as well as local ordering conventions such as UK: day/month/year, US: month/day/year.

Inputting and outputting dates on computers is greatly complicated by these localisation issues which is why they tend to operate on dates internally in some unified form such as seconds past midnight at the start of the first of January 1970.

Many software and hardware representations of dates allow only two digits for the year, leading to the year 2000 problem.

Unix manual page: date(1), ctime(3).
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
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Till date, nothing has been said about the investigation, thus raising serious suspicion on the frequent crash involving top Christians in Nigeria.'
The Directorate of Licensing and Accreditation SHCC has received 7,529 applications for registration till date and in this week, registration certificates were issued to 82 HCEs, bringing total number of registration certificates issued to 5283.
Till date, a total of 2,090 Healthcare Establishments (HCEs) were sealed in Sindh.
Volkswagen has been continuously increasing the supply of its volume models the Polo and the Vento to meet its customer demands and has delivered 18,042 vehicles of these models to customers till date.
In 2012 the Islamic bonds issued in the GCC till date were worth $5.7 billion, the major players include Kingdom of Saudi Arabia worth $4 billion and First Gulf Bank worth $500 million.
New Delhi: The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has not come across any instance in its probes till date that indicates terror links in flow of funds from chit fund companies, Parliament was informed on Friday.
On 17 March, scientists at NASA recorded the brightest explosion ever in the lunar surface till date.
package, the minister said that AI has till date received ` 22,280 crore, including ` 3,300 crore in the last fiscal.
The company, which managed more than 9 million medical claims worth over Dh4.1 billion till date, will continue to deliver its services under the current leadership post acquisition, the statement added.
A total of 75,870 hajj pilgrims have returned home by 204 hajj flights - 98 Biman Bangladesh Airlines and 106 Saudi Arabian Airlines till date, reports BSS.
ISLAMABAD -- Director General Inter-Services Public Relation (ISPR) Major General Asif Ghafoor has paid rich tribute to the martyrs of November 6, 1947 and till date of occupied Kashmir.