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see lumberlumber,
term for timber that has been cut into boards for use as a building material. The major steps in producing lumber involve logging (the felling and preparation of timber for shipment to sawmills), sawing the logs into boards, grading the boards according to defects and
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; woodwood,
botanically, the xylem tissue that forms the bulk of the stem of a woody plant. Xylem conducts sap upward from the roots to the leaves, stores food in the form of complex carbohydrates, and provides support; it is made up of various types of cells specialized for each of
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Uncut trees that are suitable for construction or conversion to lumber.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(wood grades), material obtained from trees that retains its natural physical structure and chemical composition. Timber may be rough or processed.

Rough timber is a product of the logging industry. It is obtained from sawn trees after the branches have been removed and the trunks crosscut into pieces of the required length. Since its cross section resembles a circle, the wood is called round timber. Round timber is used whole (after the bark has been stripped away) in the construction of industrial and residential buildings, as supports and poles for telephone and electrical transmission lines, as props in underground work (for example, mining), and as fences (pickets, rods). Round timber is the raw material for the sawing, plywood, match, packaging, paper-and-pulp, and wood-chemical industries.

The materials fashioned from round timber that retain their natural structure are classified as processed timber. Produced by the sawing and woodworking industries, they include lumber (beams, rods, crossties, boat and deck planks, and soundboards for musical instruments), split timber (parquet flooring and staves for barrels), and planed and hulled veneer.

Quality standards for timber are based on the intended purpose of the grades, the species of trees from which they are to be made, the dimensions of the grades and their division into varieties, and the limits of allowable flaws in the timber and of defects caused by processing.

Round timber is generally divided into softwoods and hardwoods without differentiation by species, which is specified only in rare cases—for example, soundboards are made only from spruce, and staves for wine casks only from oak. The length and thickness of timber vary considerably. The minimum dimensions are usually indicated for round timber; there are no maximum limits. Timber quality is determined by external appearance and, in the case of particularly important grades, by testing.


Lapirov-Skoblo, S. Ia. Lesnoe tovarovedenie, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1968.
Lesomaterialy kruglye: Sbornik standartov. Moscow, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Wood used for building, carpentry, or joinery.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. Uncut trees or logs that are suitable for conversion to lumber.
2. Wood sawn into balks, battens, boards, etc., suitable for use in carpentry, joinery, and general construction.
3. Square-sawn lumber having: (US) a minimum dimension of 5 in.; (Brit.) approximately equal cross dimensions greater than 4 in. by 4 ½ in. (101.6 mm by 114.3 mm).
4. A heavy wooden beam used as a shoring or bracing system member.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a. wood, esp when regarded as a construction material
b. (as modifier): a timber cottage
a. trees collectively
b. Chiefly US woodland
3. Nautical a frame in a wooden vessel
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The river snaked through a valley flanked on both sides by wide gravel bars guarded by high, timbered ridges.
Joan of Arc may have passed some of the timbered houses on the Rue St.
September Cottage has been thoughtfully extended to a high standard Fully fitted kitchen with a range of pine units A feature cast iron staircase leads up to an attractive timbered gallery
The stone and half timbered property has been the subject of sympathetic restoration and modernisation by owners over recent years and is being marketed by Evans Hardy Bromwich.
The black and white timbered house, built on a gentle slope, dates from the 17th Century.
Dragon's Den Hilary Devey's sumptuous wing at Rangemore Hall Page 4-5 School of thought Westgate is a spacious Victorian family home Page 6-7 Hillhampton Timbered cottage with 17th century origins Page 16 Lower Rookery A 23-acre plot ripe for development Pages 17 A real barnstormer One couple's vision that turned into an award winner Page 37 Property Expert Encouraging advice for first-time buyers Pages 38 POST PROPERTY correspondents are Alison Jones and Annie Roberts Email: PostSupplements@mrn.co.uk Advertising: Teresa Plant 0121 234 5809.
Protesters said the signs spoiled the local conservation area, especially as Nantclwyd is believed to be the oldest timbered town house in Wales.
The building was home to Browett's solicitors until recently and number 22 is a 15th-century cottage, the only surviving timbered building in Bayley Lane.
It features stunning original features like the timbered roof, stylish touches such as a Victorian bath and a fireplace for those cosy evenings in.
Among many retained period features are a classic entrance porch flanked by wooden Doric columns, an ornate carved fireplace surround and vaulted timbered ceilings in a two-bedroomed attic conversion.
The spotlight falls on Alrewas Pages 18-19 The Chestnuts Grade II timbered charm at the heart of a Warwickshire villagePage 20 Plealey House 17th century home with 21st century comforts in ShropshirePage 21 Splashing out Two spacious country houses, both with their own indoor pools Pages 24-25 Property Expert Lydia Sharples on financial help to stay warm Pages 26 POST PROPERTY correspondents are Alison Jones and Annie Roberts Email: PostSupplements@mrn.co.uk Advertising: Teresa Plant 0121 234 5809.