titanic


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Titanic

(tītăn`ĭk), British liner that sank on the night of Apr. 14–15, 1912, less than three hours after crashing into an iceberg in the N Atlantic S of Newfoundland. More than 1,500 lives were lost. The Titanic, thought to be the fastest ship afloat and almost unsinkable, was on her maiden voyage and carried many notables among the more than 2,200 persons aboard. These circumstances made the loss seem the more appalling to the public in England and the United States.

Official and other investigations revealed that messages of warning had been sent but had either not been received by the commanding officers or had been ignored by them. The ship had continued at full speed even after the warnings were sent. She did not carry sufficient lifeboats, and many of the lifeboats were launched with only a few of the seats occupied. Other vessels in the vicinity were unable to reach the Titanic before she sank; one, only 10 mi (16 km) away, did not respond because her wireless operator had retired for the evening. A study published in 2008 revealed that the disaster can be blamed at least partially on low-grade rivets used in some portions of the ship, which broke on impact and caused the ill-fated liner to sink rapidly.

The disaster brought about measures to promote safety at sea, particularly the establishment of a patrol to make known the location of icebergs and of stringent regulations about the proper number and proper equipment of lifeboats to be carried by vessels. The catastrophe inspired a large literature. An expedition led by Robert D. BallardBallard, Robert Duane
, 1942–, American marine geologist, b. Wichita, Kans.; Ph.D. Univ. of Rhode Island, 1974. From 1969 to 1997 he was associated with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, where he became the head of the Deep Submergence Laboratory.
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 discovered the wreck in 1985.

Bibliography

See L. Beesley, The Loss of the S.S. Titanic (1912, repr. 1973) A. Gracie, The Truth about the Titanic (1913, repr. 1973), W. Lord, A Night to Remember (1959), R. Brown, Voyage of the Iceberg (1983), B. Beveridge et al., Titanic—The Ship Magnificent (2 vol., 2008), and J. H. McCarty and T. Foecke, What Really Sank the Titanic (2008).

Titanic

British passenger ship sinks on maiden voyage (1912). [Br. Hist.: NCE, 2753]

titanic

of or containing titanium, esp in the tetravalent state
References in periodicals archive ?
A tsunami forces an iceberg into the path of the Titanic 2, forcing the ship's passengers and crew to come together to try to avoid the same awful fate of the first Titanic.
Titanic had two sister ships in the same line: RMS Olympic and HMHS Britannic.
A REPLICA of the Titanic will set sail in 2018, more than 100 years after the iconic ship sank on her maiden voyage.
The Titanic II is being built by Australian billionaire Clive Palmer and is scheduled to set sail In 2018.
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Koldau (musicology, Aarhus University, Denmark) explores how the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 has been turned into a myth through various film versions, from a 1943 Nazi propaganda film to James Cameron's 1997 film.
An Australian billionaire said Monday he'll build a high-tech replica of the Titanic at a Chinese shipyard and its maiden voyage in late 2016 will be from England to New York, just like its namesake.
But the world is now commemorating with nostalgia the sinking of the great "unsinkable" luxury liner, RMS Titanic after it swiped an iceberg on its maiden North Atlantic voyage from England to New York.
Ironically in all the time they worked together as projectionists at the old Theatre One Cinema in Hillfields, Coventry, Richard did not have any inkling that Howard, aged 66, was a Titanic buff and Richard never mentioned his granddad was a Titanic survivor.
THE Titanic disaster has fascinated people for generations.
Summary: Fourteen years before the Titanic hit an iceberg, a novelist had written up the scenario and a British spiritualist echoed much the same even before the Titanic was built.