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tithe

1. Christianity a tenth part of agricultural or other produce, personal income, or profits, contributed either voluntarily or as a tax for the support of the church or clergy or for charitable purposes
2. any levy, esp of one tenth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tithe

 

the tenth part of a crop (or other incomes), taken from the population for the support of the clergy and church.

In ancient times, the tithe existed among many Semitic peoples, particularly the Jews, and was passed on to the western Christian Church. The Christian Church first demanded the tithe in 585, citing the Bible. Beginning in 779 the tithe became obligatory for the entire Prankish kingdom. The Catholic Church, which levied the tithe in the Middle Ages, took both grapes and grain (the so-called great tithe), garden and industrial crops (the small tithe), and live cattle and animal produce (the blood tithe). The tithe was canonically divided into one-third for the upkeep of church buildings, one-third for the clergy, and one-third for the paupers of the parish. With the development of feudal relations, however, the tithe became almost completely levied for the benefit of the high church officials. The heaviest burden was on the peasantry, the upper classes often being spared payment.

Complete elimination of or limitations on the tithe were included in the demands of many peasant uprisings. In France the tithe was abolished in 1789-90, and in other countries during the 19th century. In Rus’, the tithe (desiatina) was established during the tenth century by Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich; later, the church was given the right to collect fines in cases adjudicated by the church court instead of collecting the desiatina, but in certain cases various church organizations, although not the monasteries, continued to levy the desiatina. It was finally abolished at the end of the 19th century.

In Islam, the zakat is the functional equivalent of the tithe.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To cries of anger from their friends and family at the back of the court, Mills and Thompson were jailed for four months each and Tither was ordered to carry out 100 hours of community service.
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The ship was in a tither. Each day she and the child walked about the deck alone, groups of white people falling into silence as they passed" (193).
Theodore "Teddy the Tither" Collins built the family dynasty-now 110th among lumber sawmill producers in North America-with business savvy and Methodist piety.
Assuming the excess lighting is already eliminated, as in the previous strategy, if tither an HID or an energy-saver fluorescent fixture is replaced for the standard fluorescent fixture in the base case, lighting power density will be reduced even further, from 2.0 to 1.7 watts/sq, ft, resulting in a combined annual building.operating cost savings of more than $15,000 over the base case, induding the savings achieved by the reductions in cooling.
Helen Tither, who directed Invented in the North West, said: "George Garrett's background was in engineering and he studied at Trinity College in Dublin.
TODAY'S Sunday Mercury article will make uncomfortable reading for Lancashireborn Peter Tither, who is desperate to know if he now rules a forgotten corner of Birmingham.
In August last year the daughter of marketing officer Craig Tither died suddenly in her sleep.
Ah, bit wid ee turn the tither cheek Faither, Faither, Faither gies a haun Sen something mensefu fae abeen For fowk like me,we're a raivell't Faur is the lowe, the loo?
According to the Daily Mirror, Price's agent Paul Tither has written to the council in a bid to allow her to have the cabin put up temporarily.
(30.) Tither, Les Culls d'Iraq et l'Etat abbasside, 473-74; and see lbn Rushd, The Distinguished Jurist's Primer: Bid[a.bar]yat al-Mujtahid.