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1. Christianity a tenth part of agricultural or other produce, personal income, or profits, contributed either voluntarily or as a tax for the support of the church or clergy or for charitable purposes
2. any levy, esp of one tenth



the tenth part of a crop (or other incomes), taken from the population for the support of the clergy and church.

In ancient times, the tithe existed among many Semitic peoples, particularly the Jews, and was passed on to the western Christian Church. The Christian Church first demanded the tithe in 585, citing the Bible. Beginning in 779 the tithe became obligatory for the entire Prankish kingdom. The Catholic Church, which levied the tithe in the Middle Ages, took both grapes and grain (the so-called great tithe), garden and industrial crops (the small tithe), and live cattle and animal produce (the blood tithe). The tithe was canonically divided into one-third for the upkeep of church buildings, one-third for the clergy, and one-third for the paupers of the parish. With the development of feudal relations, however, the tithe became almost completely levied for the benefit of the high church officials. The heaviest burden was on the peasantry, the upper classes often being spared payment.

Complete elimination of or limitations on the tithe were included in the demands of many peasant uprisings. In France the tithe was abolished in 1789-90, and in other countries during the 19th century. In Rus’, the tithe (desiatina) was established during the tenth century by Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich; later, the church was given the right to collect fines in cases adjudicated by the church court instead of collecting the desiatina, but in certain cases various church organizations, although not the monasteries, continued to levy the desiatina. It was finally abolished at the end of the 19th century.

In Islam, the zakat is the functional equivalent of the tithe.

References in periodicals archive ?
may have more biblical quotes and references to tithing and money in general that any book I have every read, save of course, the Bible itself.
It concluded that tithing did not qualify as a necessary expense under either of the two standards in the test.
While the tithing to Apollo seems like tendance, ceremonies of its antithetical counterpart could have been performed.
Klein presents the different understandings of tithing that may be found in the Old Testament.
Christians commit to tithing if they were required by their churches to give generously?
We designed our tithing survey questions to explore whether or not these elements are consistent with individuals' perceptions of income.
Memorial Hospital officials are so pleased with the way tithing has gone, they have put out a brochure and dedicated a portion of the hospital's web site to extolling the virtues of tithing for other organizations that are thinking about it.
If an unsecured creditor (or the trustee) objects to the Chapter 13 debtor's inclusion of tithing in his plan, the court must decide if the money for religious giving should be included in the debtor's disposable income.
But is tithing money the answer the Bible commands all believers to do every week?
Opponents of tithing insist that they be free to donate whatever amount they choose.
I notice that while tithing is practiced by some Christians, it is not promoted in the article.