tithe

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tithe

1. Christianity a tenth part of agricultural or other produce, personal income, or profits, contributed either voluntarily or as a tax for the support of the church or clergy or for charitable purposes
2. any levy, esp of one tenth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tithe

 

the tenth part of a crop (or other incomes), taken from the population for the support of the clergy and church.

In ancient times, the tithe existed among many Semitic peoples, particularly the Jews, and was passed on to the western Christian Church. The Christian Church first demanded the tithe in 585, citing the Bible. Beginning in 779 the tithe became obligatory for the entire Prankish kingdom. The Catholic Church, which levied the tithe in the Middle Ages, took both grapes and grain (the so-called great tithe), garden and industrial crops (the small tithe), and live cattle and animal produce (the blood tithe). The tithe was canonically divided into one-third for the upkeep of church buildings, one-third for the clergy, and one-third for the paupers of the parish. With the development of feudal relations, however, the tithe became almost completely levied for the benefit of the high church officials. The heaviest burden was on the peasantry, the upper classes often being spared payment.

Complete elimination of or limitations on the tithe were included in the demands of many peasant uprisings. In France the tithe was abolished in 1789-90, and in other countries during the 19th century. In Rus’, the tithe (desiatina) was established during the tenth century by Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich; later, the church was given the right to collect fines in cases adjudicated by the church court instead of collecting the desiatina, but in certain cases various church organizations, although not the monasteries, continued to levy the desiatina. It was finally abolished at the end of the 19th century.

In Islam, the zakat is the functional equivalent of the tithe.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
may have more biblical quotes and references to tithing and money in general that any book I have every read, save of course, the Bible itself.
It concluded that tithing did not qualify as a necessary expense under either of the two standards in the test.
While the tithing to Apollo seems like tendance, ceremonies of its antithetical counterpart could have been performed.
She invited students to read texts on stewardship and tithing, identifying those that were of value for pastoral leaders and congregations.
The authors offer nine hypotheses: 1) despite general affluence, many American Christians do not possess the resources to tithe; 2) many think they do not possess the resources to tithe; 3) they do not perceive the existing needs that their money could address; 4) there is a lack of awareness regarding the teachings about tithing; 5) they distrust waste and abuse by nonprofit administrators; 6) there are low expectations of giving from churches and clergy; 7) they lack confidence that other Christians are contributing; 8) there is a sense that money and financial issues are highly private and therefore areas where people feel unaccountable; and 9) most U.S.
Zech said his first reaction to the Barna findings "is to attribute it to the economy." George Barna, founder and head of the research group, cited the soft economy as one of the most likely factors behind a drop in tithing. He also said the Catholic clergy scandals "reduced some people's confidence in church leaders and, consequently, reduced their giving as well."
Church members provide unique insights into income definitions because of their practice of tithing, where individuals voluntarily contribute one-tenth of their income to the church.
At South Bend's Memorial Hospital, the answer is tithing.
The debtor's argument is that a court's refusal to allow religious tithing (in this article, tithe is defined as money contributed for religious purposes, technically defined as one-tenth of one's income) in a Chapter 13 plan violates the debtor's right to the free exercise of religion.
What is tithing? It's simply the act of giving the tenth part of one's income to the Lord.
'But like I said, just give us 500 pesos each and after tithing and getting Dad his gift, just enjoy the rest of it and spoil yourself,' she advised her 'Kakie'.
As we are on the ordinary time, it is a good opportunity for us to reflect on two questions: 'When did we give tithe?' and 'Where do we put God in tithing?' Perhaps these questions are simple but might be hard to answer.