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title,in law, the means by which the owner has just and legal possession of his or her property. It is distinct from the document (e.g., a deed) that is evidence of the title. Title can be lost or acquired only by the methods established by law, that is, by inheritance or by purchase. Several persons may have different titles to the same property. While one holds a legal title (a claim to the land that is recognized by a court), another may hold an equitable title (the right to have the legal title transferred to him if certain conditions are met). This occurs if there is a mortgagemortgage,
in law, device for protecting a creditor by giving him an interest in property of his debtor. In common law a mortgage was a conditional sale; i.e., the mortgagor (debtor) sold realty (real property mortgage) or personal property (chattel mortgage), but if the debtor
..... Click the link for more information. on the land. If a person holds land free of all encumbrances he may claim to have perfect title. When property is purchased, a title search is made to make certain that the seller is the legitimate owner of the title he is selling; the resulting document is an abstract of titleabstract of title,
in law, brief history of the title to a piece of land. An account is given of recorded documents, court proceedings, wills, mortgages, taxes, previous sales, easements, and all other factors that at any time affected the ownership or use of the land.
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in the USSR, a designation established and conferred by competent organizations, institutions, enterprises, or kolkhozes, attesting to official recognition of the services of individuals or groups or to occupational, official, scientific, or other qualifications. The procedure for establishing titles and for conferring or withdrawing them, as well as the rights and obligations associated with different titles, are defined by legislative and other normative acts. Titles may be honorary, military, scientific, special, personal, occupational, sport, or academic. They may be conferred on the winners of prizes and competitions, or they may be awarded on the basis of socialist emulation, for example, to the best worker in a given occupation or to the best young expert. Titles established for investigative workers of agencies of the procuracy are called grade ranks, and titles for diplomatic workers of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR and of embassies and missions abroad are called diplomatic ranks.
(1) An honorary appellation (for example, “count” or “duke”) that may be hereditary or may be conferred on a given individual as the mark of a particular, privileged position. A required form of address corresponds to each title (for example, “your eminence” or “your highness”). Titles were extensively used under the feudal estate system, and they have been retained in some bourgeois countries, such as Great Britain, until today. In Russia, titles were abolished after the October Revolution of 1917.
(2) In bourgeois law, the instrument that is evidence of a right—for example, a title or deed of purchase, sale, conveyance, or exchange.
(3) In an obsolete meaning, a certificate or diploma granted upon completion of a program of studies at an educational institution.
(5) In printing, the same as “title page.”